Arthur Fuk Tat Mak

Learn More
Neuromusculoskeletal (NMS) modeling is a valuable tool in orthopaedic biomechanics and motor control research. To evaluate the feasibility of using electromyographic (EMG) signals with NMS modeling to estimate individual muscle force during dynamic movement, an EMG driven NMS model of the elbow was developed. The model incorporates dynamical equation of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed at investigating the effects of sitting posture on ischial pressure and pelvic orientation for two types of cushions. DESIGN Two types of seating devices, Roho and Polyurethane (PU) Foam cushions, six predefined postures, and two subject groups, Normal and Paraplegic, were tested. Ischial pressure and pelvic orientation were(More)
In vivo frictional properties of human skin and five materials, namely aluminium, nylon, silicone, cotton sock, Pelite, were investigated. Normal and untreated skin over six anatomic regions of ten normal subjects were measured under a controlled environment. The average coefficient of friction for all measurements is 0.46+/-0.15 (p<0.05). Among all(More)
A nonlinear finite element model was developed to investigate the biomechanics of indentation, particularly the influence of friction and large deformation on the calculation of the effective Young's modulus from the cylindrical, flat-ended indentation test of soft tissues. A new kappa table was given for calculation of the effective Young's modulus to(More)
An ultrasound indentation system with a pen-size hand-held probe was developed and used to obtain the effective Young's moduli of forearm and lower limb soft tissues in 12 subjects. Since the probe is manually driven, the alignment of the probe and control of the rate of indentation are parameters upon which the results obtained depend. This paper addresses(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed at estimating the musculotendon parameters of the prime elbow flexors in vivo for both normal and hemiparetic subjects. DESIGN A neuromusculoskeletal model of the elbow joint was developed incorporating detailed musculotendon modeling and geometrical modeling. BACKGROUND Neuromusculoskeletal modeling is a valuable tool in(More)
Pressure ulcer is a complex and significant health problem. Although the factors including pressure, shear, and ischemia have been identified in the etiology of pressure ulcer, the cellular and molecular mechanisms that contribute to the development of pressure ulcer are unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that the early-onset molecular regulation of(More)
The biomechanical properties of plantar tissues were investigated for four older neuropathic diabetic patients and four healthy younger subjects. Indentation tests were performed at four high-pressure areas with three postures in each subject. The tissue thickness and effective Young's modulus were measured by an ultrasound (US) indentation system. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the distribution of weakness across elbow range of motion (ROM) in subjects with hemiparesis. DESIGN A detailed analysis of elbow torque and associated electromyographic signals of 5 prime elbow muscles generated during maximum isometric voluntary flexion (MIVF) and extension (MIVE) at 8 different elbow positions. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the pain threshold (the minimum pressure inducing pain) and pain tolerance (the maximum tolerable pressure) of different regions of the residual limbs of amputees by the indentation method and to evaluate the interface pressure distribution and distortion of the skin surface on indentation by finite element (FE) analysis. DESIGN(More)