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The rate of loss of albumin to the tissue spaces (measured as transcapillary escape rate) rose by more than 300% in patients with septic shock, and the average increase within 7 h of cardiac surgery was 100%. The transcapillary escape rate in cachectic cancer patients was twice that of a group of healthy individuals. The rate of loss of albumin to the(More)
The development of a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for human metallothionein-1 is reported. Metallothionein was purified from postmortem human liver and used to raise high-titer antibodies in rabbits. The assay was specific for human metallothionein-1 (MT-1), and there was no significant cross-reaction with human metallothionein-2. The(More)
  • A Fleck
  • 1989
1. When assessing the significance of altered plasma protein concentrations the various physiological factors, including posture and hormones which affect the amount and distribution of fluid in the body and the synthesis and catabolism of plasma proteins, must be kept in mind. 2. Although several cytokines, including IL-1 and TNF, are implicated in the(More)
It is now established that in rheumatoid arthritis changes are not confined only to the joints and the term 'rheumatoid disease' is employed to implicate the involvement of other organs and tissues. It would be helpful to have an index of the severity of the nonarticular involvement and several factors have been investigated from this point of view(More)
The early time course of the acute phase protein response (APPR) and mediators involved in its control were investigated in the rat and mouse. After turpentine-induced inflammation in the rat C-reactive protein and fibrinogen increased in concentration peaking at 48 h and 18-24 h, respectively. A 9 h delay prior to elevation of these protein was observed.(More)
We investigated the effects of malnutrition and refeeding on albumin distribution and metabolism in patients undergoing treatment for anorexia nervosa. Using autologous 125I-labelled albumin, we measured the fractional catabolic rate and calculated the relative sizes of the plasma and extravascular albumin pools in 6 female anorexia nervosa subjects and 6(More)
A technique for optimising reagent concentrations on the AutoAnalyzer has been applied to the estimation of ammonia by the Berthelot reaction in the determination of urea and organic nitrogen. Comparison of the use of phenol and salicylate revealed that the optimum concentration of the latter is about four times that of the former. The optimum concentration(More)