Arthur E Colwell

Learn More
The mosquito control potential of the mosquitofish and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) were evaluated in experimental wild rice fields in Lake County, California. Fields were assigned one of six treatment: control, 1.1 kg/ha G. affinis, 3.4 kg/ha G. affinis, Bti only (6 kg/ha Vectobac granules), 1.1 kg/ha G. affinis plus Bti and 3.4 kg/ha G.(More)
In summary, diflubenzuron is accumulated from water into fish tissues at levels up to 80 fold within 24 hr when fish are exposed to concentrations of 10 ppb. Within the concentration range of 1-10 ppb, the amount accumulated in a 24 hr exposure is proportional to concentration. After 24 to 48 hr exposure fish degrade and eliminate diflubenzuron and the(More)
The mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, and the inland silverside, Menidia beryllina, were evaluated in experimental, one-tenth hectare wild rice plots in Lake County, California, for their impact on densities of Culex tarsalis, Anopheles freeborni and Anopheles franciscanus. Gambusia affinis were tested at 0.6 and 1.7 kg/ha and the silversides at ca. 0.9(More)
Considerable ecological research on mercury (Hg) has focused on higher trophic level species (e.g., fishes and birds), but less on lower trophic species. Clear Lake, site of the abandoned Sulphur Bank Mercury Mine, provides a unique opportunity to study a system influenced by mine-derived Hg. An exponentially decreasing gradient of total Hg (TotHg) away(More)
Clear Lake, California, USA, receives acid mine drainage and mercury (Hg) from the Sulphur Bank Mercury Mine, a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) Superfund Site that was active intermittently from 1873 to 1957 and partially remediated in 1992. Mercury concentrations were analyzed primarily in four species of Clear Lake fishes: inland(More)
The Fay-Prince trap augmented with carbon dioxide (F-P/CO2) collected high numbers of male and female Aedes sierrensis (Ludlow). The F-P/CO2 trap collected 15-20 times more males, but statistically similar numbers of females as did a rabbit-baited CO2 trap (R/CO2). Carbon dioxide was essential to the successful operation of the F-P/CO2 trap for the(More)
Laboratory bioassays with Culicoides variipennis larvae from Borax Lake, CA, indicated an LC90 of 16.8 ppb for pyrethrins at 23 degrees C. A field test in a pond adjoining the lake reduced adult C. variipennis emergence greater than 99% for over 30 days after treatment at a rate of 131 ppb pyrethrins. Further small scale field tests indicated that C.(More)
The invasion, boom, collapse, and reestablishment of a population of the planktivorous threadfin shad in Clear Lake, California, USA, were documented over a 20-year period, as were the effects of changing shad populations on diet and mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation in nearshore fishes. Threadfin shad competitively displaced other planktivorous fish in the(More)
Mercury (Hg) trophic transfer and bioaccumulation in fish from a mine-impacted, eutrophic lake were examined in relation to foraging habitat, trophic position, and size. Diet analysis indicated that there were clear ontogenetic shifts in foraging habitats and trophic position. Pelagic diet decreased and benthic diet increased with increasing fish length in(More)
Clear Lake is the site of an abandoned mercury (Hg) mine (active intermittently from 1873 to 1957), now a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Site. Mining activities, including bulldozing waste rock and tailings into the lake, resulted in approximately 100 Mg of Hg entering the lake's ecosystem. This series of papers represents the culmination of(More)