Learn More
Rat brain microvessel endothelial cells were immortalized by transfection with a plasmid containing the E1A adenovirus gene. One clone, called RBE4, was further characterized. These cells display a nontransformed phenotype and express typical endothelial markers, Factor VIII-related antigen and Bandeiraea simplicifolia binding sites. When RBE4 cells were(More)
Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in Western society. Uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) is a recently identified member of the mitochondrial transporter superfamily that is expressed in many tissues, including adipose tissue. Like its close relatives UCP1 and UCP3, UCP2 uncouples proton entry in the mitochondrial matrix from ATP synthesis and is(More)
The present study demonstrates negative intracellular cross-talk between angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) and insulin receptors. AT2 receptor stimulation leads to inhibition of insulin-induced extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK2) activity and cell proliferation in transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-hAT2) cells. We show that AT2 receptor(More)
Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipocytes, plays a pivotal role in the control of body weight. Rodents with mutations in the leptin receptor gene develop morbid obesity. It is possible, therefore, that leptin receptor gene mutations contribute to human obesity. To test this possibility, we determined the entire coding sequence of the human leptin receptor(More)
BACKGROUND The beta 3-adrenergic receptor is expressed in visceral adipose tissue and is thought to contribute to the regulation of the resting metabolic rate and lipolysis. METHODS To investigate whether mutations in the gene for the beta 3-adrenergic receptor predispose patients to obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), we studied(More)
Angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptors are involved in the inhibition of cell proliferation as well as in apoptosis and neuronal differentiation, through intracellular signalling pathways that remain poorly defined. The present study examines the effect of AT2-receptor stimulation on growth-factor-induced pathways leading to the activation of(More)
The human beta 3-adrenergic receptor (beta 3AR) lacks most of the structural determinants that, in the beta 2AR, contribute to agonist-induced receptor desensitization. To evaluate the effect of these structural differences on the beta 3AR desensitization profile, the human beta 2- and beta 3AR were stably expressed in Chinese hamster fibroblasts (CHW) and(More)
Endothelium of the cerebral blood vessels, which constitutes the blood-brain barrier, controls leukocyte adhesion and trafficking to the brain. Investigating signaling pathways triggered by the engagement of adhesion molecules expressed on brain endothelial cells, we report here that ICAM-1 cross-linking induces tyrosine phosphorylation of three(More)
Human brown pre-adipocytes were immortalized by microinjection of the genes encoding simian virus 40 T and t antigens under the control of the human vimentin promotor. The transfected pre-adipocytes were cultured for several months with no loss of their morphological characteristics. These cells accumulate lipids and differentiate into adipocytes when(More)
A gene encoding for a citrus salt-stress-associated protein (Cit-SAP) was cloned from Citrus sinensis salt-treated cell suspension. The gene, designated csa, was isolated from a cDNA expression library. The partial amino acid sequence of the protein, as well as that deduced from the nucleotide sequence of csa, revealed a considerable homology to mammalian(More)