Arthur Donny Strosberg

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Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in Western society. Uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) is a recently identified member of the mitochondrial transporter superfamily that is expressed in many tissues, including adipose tissue. Like its close relatives UCP1 and UCP3, UCP2 uncouples proton entry in the mitochondrial matrix from ATP synthesis and is(More)
BACKGROUND The beta 3-adrenergic receptor is expressed in visceral adipose tissue and is thought to contribute to the regulation of the resting metabolic rate and lipolysis. METHODS To investigate whether mutations in the gene for the beta 3-adrenergic receptor predispose patients to obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), we studied(More)
Since the classification of beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) into beta 1 and beta 2 subtypes, additional beta-ARs have been implicated in the control of various metabolic processes by catecholamines. A human gene has been isolated that encodes a third beta-AR, here referred to as the "beta 3-adrenergic receptor." Exposure of eukaryotic cells transfected(More)
BACKGROUND The beta 3-adrenergic receptor, located mainly in adipose tissue, is involved in the regulation of lipolysis and thermogenesis. The potential relevance of this receptor to obesity in humans led us to screen obese French patients for a recently identified mutation in the gene for the receptor. METHODS We used the polymerase chain reaction to(More)
Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipocytes, plays a pivotal role in the control of body weight. Rodents with mutations in the leptin receptor gene develop morbid obesity. It is possible, therefore, that leptin receptor gene mutations contribute to human obesity. To test this possibility, we determined the entire coding sequence of the human leptin receptor(More)
Leptin (LEP) has been consistently associated with angiogenesis and tumor growth. Leptin exerts its physiological action through its specific receptor (LEPR). We have investigated whether genetic variations in LEPand LEPRhave implications for susceptibility to and prognosis in breast carcinoma. We used the polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme(More)
Angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptors are involved in the inhibition of cell proliferation as well as in apoptosis and neuronal differentiation, through intracellular signalling pathways that remain poorly defined. The present study examines the effect of AT2-receptor stimulation on growth-factor-induced pathways leading to the activation of(More)
The beta 3 subtype of adrenaline and noradrenaline receptors has now been extensively characterized at the structural and functional levels. Ligand binding and adenylyl cyclase activation studies helped define a beta-adrenergic profile that is quite distinct from that of the beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors, but strongly reminiscent of most of the(More)
Endothelium of the cerebral blood vessels, which constitutes the blood-brain barrier, controls leukocyte adhesion and trafficking to the brain. Investigating signaling pathways triggered by the engagement of adhesion molecules expressed on brain endothelial cells, we report here that ICAM-1 cross-linking induces tyrosine phosphorylation of three(More)