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BACKGROUND There is little systematic information regarding the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence, risk factors, and long-term outcome of IRIS in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who were coinfected with one of three common opportunistic pathogens. DESIGN(More)
It is widely recognised that impaired social relations are characteristic of school-aged children with behavioural disorders, and predict a poor long-term outcome (Parker & Asher, 1987). However, little is known about the early antecedents of social impairment in behaviourally disturbed children. The aim of the present study was to explore three areas of(More)
Neurocysticercosis is the most common helminthic infection of the CNS but its diagnosis remains difficult. Clinical manifestations are nonspecific, most neuroimaging findings are not pathognomonic, and some serologic tests have low sensitivity and specificity. The authors provide diagnostic criteria for neurocysticercosis based on objective clinical,(More)
Bioactive peptides derived from the prohormone, pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), are generated in neurons of the hypothalamus and act as endogenous ligands for the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R), a key molecule underlying appetite control and energy homeostasis. It is therefore important to understand many aspects of POMC gene regulation in the brain, as(More)
We have determined the phosphorylation pattern of circulating insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in normal subjects and assessed how this changes in pregnancy. Two RIAs employing different monoclonal antibodies (MAbs 6303 or 6305) were used to measure IGFBP-1. In normal subjects, RIA 6303 measured 11-fold higher levels than RIA 6305(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive tumour with an abysmal prognosis. These cancers are characteristically resistant to glucocorticoid (Gc) action, owing to impaired expression of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). We identified reduced GR expression in human SCLC cell lines, compared to a non-SCLC cell line. The SCLC cells also showed no Gc(More)
Gene amplification occurs at high frequency in transformed cells (10(-3)-10(-5)), but is undetectable in normal diploid fibroblasts (less than 10(-9)). This study examines whether alterations of one or both p53 alleles were sufficient to allow gene amplification to occur. Cells retaining one wild-type p53 allele mimicked the behavior of primary diploid(More)
Acupuncture treatment and control group interventions in parallel-group randomised trials of acupuncture are not always precisely reported. In an attempt to improve standards, an international group of experienced acupuncturists and researchers devised a set of recommendations, designating them STRICTA: STandards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection need lifelong medical care, but many do not remain in care. The effect of poor retention in care on survival is not known, and we sought to quantify that relationship. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving persons newly identified as having HIV infection during(More)
  • A C White
  • 1997
Neurocysticercosis is the most likely reason for epilepsy being twice as common in developing as in developed countries of the world [1]. Neurocysticercosis, which is caused by infestation of the human CNS with the tissue cysts of Taenia solium, is arguably the most common parasitic disease of the human nervous system. While most of the details of the(More)