Arthur Chin-Haeng Lau

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Human acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemias and lymphomas (T-ALL) are commonly associated with gain-of-function mutations in Notch1 that contribute to T-ALL induction and maintenance. Starting from an expression-profiling screen, we identified c-myc as a direct target of Notch1 in Notch-dependent T-ALL cell lines, in which Notch accounts for the majority of(More)
Single-incision laparoscopic hepatic resection has been attracting increased attention from the surgical community in recent years. While there have been reports and studies on this procedure, none has suggested the possibility of doing repeated hepatic resections via a single incision. This report on three such cases aims to determine the feasibility and(More)
Renal ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) occurs after reduced renal blood flow and is a major cause of acute injury in both native and transplanted kidneys. Studies have shown diverse cell types in both the innate and the adaptive immune systems participate in kidney IRI as dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, B cells, CD4(+) NK(+) cells, and CD4(+) T(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous signaling pathways are known to be activated in experimental cardiac hypertrophy, the molecular basis of the hypertrophic response inherent in human heart diseases remains largely unknown. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a multifunctional protein kinase that physically links beta-integrins with the actin cytoskeleton, suggesting(More)
BACKGROUND Renal ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) leads to acute kidney injury (AKI) and the death of tubular epithelial cells (TEC). The release of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) and other damage-associated molecular pattern moieties from dying cells may promote organ dysfunction and inflammation by effects on TEC. Glycyrrhizic acid (GZA) is a(More)
Nod-like receptor, pyrin containing 3 (NLRP3) is characterized primarily as a canonical caspase-1 activating inflammasome in macrophages. NLRP3 is also expressed in the epithelium of the kidney and gut; however, its function remains largely undefined. Primary mouse tubular epithelial cells (TEC) lacking Nlrp3 displayed reduced apoptosis downstream of the(More)
The incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is recognized as a promising candidate for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D), with one of its mimetics, exenatide (synthetic exendin-4) having already been licensed for clinical use. We seek to further improve the therapeutic efficacy of exendin-4 (Ex-4) using innovative fusion protein technology.(More)
Autoantibodies to components of apoptotic cells, such as anti-perlecan antibodies, contribute to rejection in organ transplant recipients. However, mechanisms of immunization to apoptotic components remain largely uncharacterized. We used large-scale proteomics, with validation by electron microscopy and biochemical methods, to compare the protein profiles(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic allograft injury remains the leading cause of late kidney graft loss despite improvements in immunosuppressive drugs and a reduction in acute T cell-mediated rejection. We have recently demonstrated that natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic to tubular epithelial cells and contribute to acute kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury. The role(More)
In recent years, various proposals have emerged for the construction of “eco-cities,” specially designed communities with an explicit environmental focus that often incorporate technologically sophisticated building design, comprehensive master-planning, renewable energy sources, and efforts to achieve resource self-sufficiency. This trend, however, is(More)