Artemis E. Doulgeraki

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the Wnt/beta-catenin bone metabolic pathway. Increased sclerostin levels and reduced bone mineral density (BMD) have been documented in adult patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), predominantly in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). No relative data exist on childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus(More)
AIM Body composition evaluation in patients with galactosemia and its variants. METHODS The body composition of young subjects with galactose metabolic disorders was analyzed with dual X-ray absorptiometry. The subjects were divided into the classic galactosemia (CG; n=14) group and the group with other galactose metabolic disorders (OGMD, e.g., epimerase(More)
Simultaneous lower bone mineral density, metabolic bone markers, parathyroid hormone (PTH), magnesium, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and higher levels of total soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (s-RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are indicative of lower osteoblast and increased osteoclast(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence in support of low bone density in young patients with disorders of phenylalanine metabolism; however, little is known about muscle and fat mass in these patients, especially in those with mild hyperphenylalaninemia (mHPA). OBJECTIVES We aimed to evaluate body composition of children and adolescents with early-diagnosed(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have reported an association between classic galactosemia (CG) and decreased bone mass. The primary objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine the extent of bone mineral density (BMD) Z-score reduction. Low BMD was defined as a Z-score ≤-2 standard deviations (SD). The secondary objective was to(More)
The process of brain aging is an interaction of age-related losses and compensatory mechanisms. This review is focused on the changes of the synaptic number and structure, their functional implications, regarding neurotransmission, as well as the electrical activity of neuronal circuits. Moreover, the importance of calcium homeostasis is strongly(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone tissue is adversely affected in patients with homozygous β-thalassemia. The aim of this study was to find warning signs of bone loss in young patients with β-thalassemia and allow prompt therapeutic interventions. METHODS Thirty-eight patients were studied, 20 boys and 18 girls, aged 5 to 18 years (median = 14.13 y), on regular transfusions(More)
BACKGROUND Pediculosis capitis constitutes a growing problem worldwide and is usually considered as an inconvenience. Parents often handle this infestation on their own initiative. OBJECTIVE We conducted a survey in order to depict the parental attitudes towards head lice infestation in Greece. METHODS Parents of children aged 3-14 years, attending a(More)