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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the Wnt/beta-catenin bone metabolic pathway. Increased sclerostin levels and reduced bone mineral density (BMD) have been documented in adult patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), predominantly in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). No relative data exist on childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus(More)
Simultaneous lower bone mineral density, metabolic bone markers, parathyroid hormone (PTH), magnesium, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and higher levels of total soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (s-RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are indicative of lower osteoblast and increased osteoclast(More)
The effect of different L-phenylalanine (Phe) concentrations (0.12-12.1 mM) on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), (Na+,K+)-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase activities was evaluated in homogenates of suckling rat frontal cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus. Phe, at high concentrations, reduced AChE activity in frontal cortex and hippocampus by 18%-20%. On the contrary, the(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence in support of low bone density in young patients with disorders of phenylalanine metabolism; however, little is known about muscle and fat mass in these patients, especially in those with mild hyperphenylalaninemia (mHPA). OBJECTIVES We aimed to evaluate body composition of children and adolescents with early-diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Pediculosis capitis constitutes a growing problem worldwide and is usually considered as an inconvenience. Parents often handle this infestation on their own initiative. OBJECTIVE We conducted a survey in order to depict the parental attitudes towards head lice infestation in Greece. METHODS Parents of children aged 3-14 years, attending a(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone tissue is adversely affected in patients with homozygous β-thalassemia. The aim of this study was to find warning signs of bone loss in young patients with β-thalassemia and allow prompt therapeutic interventions. METHODS Thirty-eight patients were studied, 20 boys and 18 girls, aged 5 to 18 years (median = 14.13 y), on regular transfusions(More)
The process of brain aging is an interaction of age-related losses and compensatory mechanisms. This review is focused on the changes of the synaptic number and structure, their functional implications, regarding neurotransmission, as well as the electrical activity of neuronal circuits. Moreover, the importance of calcium homeostasis is strongly(More)
AIM Body composition evaluation in patients with galactosemia and its variants. METHODS The body composition of young subjects with galactose metabolic disorders was analyzed with dual X-ray absorptiometry. The subjects were divided into the classic galactosemia (CG; n=14) group and the group with other galactose metabolic disorders (OGMD, e.g., epimerase(More)
Greece ranks among the first countries suffering from the obesity epidemic globally. The aim of the study was to evaluate body composition in Greek patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We hypothesized that able-bodied patients would not differ from controls, in terms of adiposity, based on clinical observations during everyday practice. Study(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We analyzed the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene in 2 Greek patients who exhibited the classical features of hereditary vitamin D-resistant rickets (HVDRR) type II, including severe bone deformities and alopecia. We also describe the clinical phenotypes and the response to treatment of our patients. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from(More)