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Apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA1) is a conserved apicomplexan protein that plays an important but undefined role in host cell invasion. We have studied the fate of Plasmodium falciparum AMA1 (PfAMA1) during erythrocyte invasion by the malaria merozoite, and compared it with that of the Toxoplasma gondii orthologue, TgAMA1. Shedding of the PfAMA1 ectodomain(More)
Many intracellular pathogens are separated from the cytosol of their host cells by a vacuole membrane. This membrane serves as a critical interface between the pathogen and the host cell, across which nutrients are imported, wastes are excreted, and communication between the two cells takes place. Very little is known about the vacuole membrane proteins(More)
PURPOSE Melanin has emerged as an attractive target for radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of melanoma, and a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (mAb) 6D2 to melanin is currently in clinical evaluation. We investigated two approaches to improve the targeting of radiation to tumors using melanin-binding mAbs: (a) the use of an additional mAb to melanin could provide(More)
The rodent malaria Plasmodium yoelii is a useful model to study protective immunity to pre-erythrocytic stages of infection, pathogenesis of erythrocytic stages, and vaccine development. However, the utility of the P. yoelii model system has not been fully realized because transfection and genetic manipulation methodologies for this rodent species are less(More)
Public health agencies can use jail as an opportunity to reach populations disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STI). The emphasis that STI control programs place on screening jail entrants varies considerably. Nine million individuals passed through U.S. jails in 2005, many in counties where STIs are rare. A pilot program of(More)
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