Barrett's esophagus is an increasingly common disease that is strongly associated with reflux of stomach acid and usually a hiatus hernia, and it strongly predisposes to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), a tumor with a very poor prognosis. We report the first genome-wide association study on Barrett's esophagus, comprising 1,852 UK cases and 5,172 UK… (More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Raynaud's syndrome have abnormal digital vasoconstriction, which may be secondary to impaired synthesis of, or impaired sensitivity to, nitric oxide. We studied the effect on microcirculation of a nitric-oxide-generating system applied topically to the finger and forearm of healthy volunteers and patients with primary Raynaud's… (More)
The study objective was to compare vibration perception and patterns of blood flow in outpatients with diffuse upper limb pain disorder (ULPD), carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and age and sex matched healthy controls. Vibration perception and discrimination thresholds were compared in subjects with ULPD (n=27), CTS (n=27) and healthy matched controls (n=54).… (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Barrett's esophagus (BE) increases the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). We found the risk to be BE has been associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 6p21 (within the HLA region) and on 16q23, where the closest protein-coding gene is FOXF1. Subsequently, the Barrett's and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma… (More)
Erythromelalgia is an unusual syndrome of painful vasodilatation. Aetiopathology is probably different in children and adults. Presentation can be severe and associated with hypertension. Dramatic benefit from infused nitroprusside suggests the disorder could represent a dysfunctional endothelium.
BACKGROUND Strong P2Y(12) blockade, as can be achieved with novel anti-platelet agents such as prasugrel, has been shown in vitro to inhibit both ADP and thromboxane A(2) -mediated pathways of platelet aggregation, calling into question the need for the concomitant use of aspirin. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated the hypothesis that aspirin… (More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to examine the characteristics of deep venous flow in the leg in a cast and the effects of a wearable neuromuscular stimulator (geko; FirstKind Ltd) and also to explore the participants' tolerance of the stimulator. METHODS This is an open-label physiological study on ten healthy volunteers. Duplex ultrasonography of the superficial… (More)
Objectives We aimed to examine the characteristics of deep venous flow in the leg in a cast and the effects of a wearable neuromuscular stimulator (geko; FirstKind Ltd) and also to explore the participants' tolerance of the stimulator. Methods This is an open-label physiological study on ten healthy volunteers. Duplex ultrasonography of the superficial… (More)