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The tongue and lingual papillae of the Japanese Insectivora, the Shinto shrew (Sorex caecuiens saevus), the long-clawed shrew (S. unguiculatus), the dsinezumi shrew (Crocidura dsinezumi dsinezumi) and the Japanese water shrew (Chimarrogale himalyica platycephala), were observed by scanning electron microscope. The tongue of these animals had two vallate(More)
The ultrastructure of Herbst corpuscles in the lingual mucosa of the finch, Lonchura striata var. domestica, was examined by light and electron microscopy. Numerous Herbst corpuscles were found at the top of connective tissue papillae just beneath the dorsal epithelium. The Herbst corpuscle was composed of an outer capsule, inner core and central axon. The(More)
The taste buds on the barbels in three species of teleosts (Cyprinus carpio, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus, Parasilurus asotus) were studied by means of fluorescence- and electron microscopy. Intensely yellow-fluorescent cells, which are disk-shaped and located exclusively in a basal position, are observed in the barbel-buds of all fishes examined. The basal(More)
Merkel-neurite complexes in tongues of Japanese and cynomolgus monkeys were examined by means of light and electron microscopy. Merkel-neurite complexes were found preferentially in the epithelium of fungiform papillae located at the tip of the tongue. It appears that the anterior fungiform papillae of the monkey are highly adapted for both taste and(More)
The fine structure of the taste organ in the Rana catesbeiana was observed by light and electron microscopy. The taste organ consists of three distinct cell types, the taste, supporting and basal cells as well as nerve elements. The present findings suggest that the taste cell might function not only as a chemoreceptor cell, but also as a paracrine cell.(More)
Long-term neurectomy of chorda tympani-lingual nerves results in a complete disappearance of taste buds from rabbit fungiform papillae. This supports the view that taste buds of mammalian fungiform papillae are neurally dependent. Furthermore, the covering epithelium of denervated fungiform papillae develops a characteristic keratinization pattern(More)
It is argued that the memorization of events and situations (episodic memory) requires the rapid formation of neural circuits responsive to binding errors and binding matches. While the formation of circuits responsive to binding matches can be mod-eled by associative learning mechanisms, the rapid formation of circuits responsive to binding errors is(More)
Electron microscopic examination of the lingual mucosa of the turtle, Clemmys japonica, revealed the occurrence of Merkel cells that shared many morphological features with Merkel cells in other vertebrates. Merkel cells were located exclusively in the basal portion of the epithelium near the taste buds. We also found occasional Merkel cells devoid of nerve(More)