Art Fernandez

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The release of heavy metals from MSWI bottom ash has been the key concern in the management of this material. The leaching distribution values obtained from 100 freshly quenched bottom ash samples, according to the German DIN 38414-S4 procedure test, showed the release of lead, zinc and copper to be the main hazards associated with bottom ash utilisation as(More)
The chemical and material composition of MSWI bottom ash depends on the particle size; this suggests that the mechanisms and kinetics of natural weathering are also a function of particle size. This paper reports the effects of short-term natural weathering on the leaching of heavy metals (mainly Pb, Cu and Zn) from MSWI bottom ash. Initial concentrations(More)
Municipal sewage sludge (MSS) is formed during wastewater treatment and its processing and disposal represent one of the most environmentally challenging aspects of the wastewater treating process. One disposal option currently being considered is a process involving heat treatment (to render the sludge biologically inactive) followed by dewatering, drying,(More)
The wastewater produced by the cochineal extract process to obtain the carminic acid colouring pigment (carmin red E120) has high concentrations of phosphates and ammonium. It is known that both ions can be precipitated with magnesium in the form of struvite, MgNH(4)PO(4), or ammonium magnesium phosphate (MAP) compounds. In this study, the use of an(More)
Airborne particulate matter (PM) is an important environmental issue because of its association with acute respiratory distress in humans, although the specific particle characteristics that cause lung damage have yet to be identified. Particle size, acid aerosols, water-soluble transition metals (e.g. Cu, Fe, V, Ni and Zn), polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and(More)
The main goal of this paper is to obtain a granular material formulated with Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) bottom ash (BA) and air pollution control (APC) fly ash to be used as secondary building material. Previously, an optimum concrete mixture using both MSWI residues as aggregates was formulated. A compromise between the environmental(More)
The wastewater produced after brightening and anodizing aluminium has high concentrations of phosphates and sulphates. The addition of MgO in a first physico-chemical wastewater treatment step makes the selective recovery of phosphates in the form of magnesium phosphates feasible, which may be reused as fertilizer. The proposed wastewater treatment process(More)
An optimization of the air pollution control (APC) residue washing process was carried out to minimize the release of chloride and heavy metals. Taking into account economic parameters such as the consumption of water and reaction time, the best relation found was a S/L ratio of 1/3 during 1 h. At a laboratory scale and according to the values obtained for(More)
The present work describes the change of mechanical properties during the natural weathering of freshly quenched processed bottom ash. An unconfined uniaxial compression to failure test of the unbound material was used to determine compressive strength and modulus of elasticity. Three main stages of mechanical behavior were determined. In the first stage,(More)