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The global endemic of cardiovascular diseases calls for improved risk assessment and treatment. Here, we describe an association between myocardial infarction (MI) and a common sequence variant on chromosome 9p21. This study included a total of 4587 cases and 12,767 controls. The identified variant, adjacent to the tumor suppressor genes CDKN2A and CDKN2B,(More)
BACKGROUND We tested whether genetic factors distinctly contribute to either development of coronary atherosclerosis or, specifically, to myocardial infarction in existing coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS We did two genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with coronary angiographic phenotyping in participants of European ancestry. To identify loci that(More)
Fractalkine, a chemokine expressed by inflamed endothelium, induces leukocyte adhesion and migration via the receptor CX3CR1, and the CX3CR1 polymorphism V249I affects receptor expression and function. Here we show that this polymorphism is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD). Genotyping of the CX3CR1-V249I(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether genetic variants involved in inflammation play a role in the sex difference in depression. Depression is, in part, genetically determined and inflammation has been implicated. Women are twice as likely to develop depression as men. METHODS We examined the association, separately in men and women, between seven single nucleotide(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether the association between depression and inflammation differs by race and sex. Depressive symptoms have been associated with higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). However, few studies have examined this association in samples including a significant number of African Americans, or examined whether the association differs by race(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies suggest that heat shock protein (HSP) 60 has a contributory role in atherosclerosis development. We examined whether circulating HSP70 protein and anti-HSP70 antibodies are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS Blood samples from 421 patients (62% men, mean age 57 years) evaluated for CAD by coronary(More)
Endothelial function refers to a multitude of physiological processes that maintain healthy homeostasis of the vascular wall. Exposure of the endothelium to cardiac risk factors results in endothelial dysfunction and is associated with an alteration in the balance of vasoactive substances produced by endothelial cells. These include a reduction in nitric(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen replacement therapy has been associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women. One of the mechanisms responsible may be a beneficial effect of estrogen on coronary vascular function. We therefore studied the short-term effects of estrogen on coronary artery dimensions and microvascular resistance in(More)
OBJECTIVE Animal models suggest that impaired leptin production, or leptin resistance despite increased leptin levels, may contribute to depression. The link between leptin and depression could be mediated by obesity, which is more common in depression and increases leptin production. METHODS We administered the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) to(More)