Arshad Rahman

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We tested the hypothesis that TNF-alpha induces early-onset endothelial adhesivity toward PMN by activating the constitutive endothelial cell surface ICAM-1, the beta2-integrin (CD11/CD18) counter-receptor. Stimulation of human pulmonary artery endothelial cells with TNF-alpha resulted in phosphorylation of ICAM-1 within 1 minute, a response that was(More)
We investigated the involvement of the RhoA/Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) pathway in regulating ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells by the procoagulant, thrombin. Exposure of HUVECs to C3 exoenzyme, a selective inhibitor of Rho, markedly reduced thrombin-induced ICAM-1 expression. Inhibition of ROCK, the downstream effector of Rho, also prevented(More)
The Rho-GDP guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI) complexes with the GDP-bound form of Rho and inhibits its activation. We investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes in the mechanism of Rho activation and in signaling the loss of endothelial barrier function. Thrombin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induced rapid phosphorylation(More)
It is well established that engagement of the Type I interferon (IFN) receptor results in activation of JAKs (Janus kinases), which in turn regulate tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT proteins. Subsequently, the IFN-dependent tyrosine-phosphorylated/activated STATs translocate to the nucleus to regulate gene transcription. In addition to tyrosine(More)
We investigated the mechanisms by which elevated intracellular cAMP concentration inhibits the thrombin-induced ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells. Exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells to forskolin or dibutyryl cAMP, which increase intracellular cAMP by separate mechanisms, inhibited the thrombin-induced ICAM-1 expression. This effect of(More)
Stable adhesion of leukocytes to endothelium is crucial for transendothelial migration (TEM) of leukocytes evoked during inflammatory responses, immune surveillance, and homing and mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells. The basis of stable adhesion involves expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), an inducible endothelial adhesive(More)
We investigated the mechanisms by which H2O2 increases intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1; CD54) expression in endothelial cells. The H2O2-induced increase in ICAM-1 mRNA was inhibited by actinomycin D, by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, and by 3-amino-benzamide (which blocks oxidant-induced AP-1 activity), but not by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate(More)
Activation of RhoA/Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) pathway and the associated changes in actin cytoskeleton induced by thrombin are crucial for activation of NF-kappaB and expression of its target gene ICAM-1 in endothelial cells. However, the events acting downstream of RhoA/ROCK to mediate these responses remain unclear. Here, we show a central role of(More)
We addressed the role of class 1B phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) isoform PI3Kgamma in mediating NADPH oxidase activation and reactive oxidant species (ROS) generation in endothelial cells (ECs) and of PI3Kgamma-mediated oxidant signaling in the mechanism of NF-kappaB activation and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression. We used lung(More)
Because reactive oxygen species (ROS) can function as second messengers and regulate the activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, we investigated the possible role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced ROS generation in endothelial cells in signaling E-selectin gene transcription. We demonstrated that stimulation of(More)