Arshad Kamal Butt

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Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) related gastric infection is highly prevalent in developing countries. Prevalence of bacterium in dental plaque from these regions is also reported to be high, but association between simultaneous colonization of H. pylori in both these sites has not been established yet. Aim of this paper is to review possible association(More)
Polymerase Chain reaction (PCR) assay is considered superior to other methods for detection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in oral cavity; however, it also has limitations when sample under study is microbial rich dental plaque. The type of gene targeted and number of primers used for bacterial detection in dental plaque samples can have a significant(More)
Achalasia cardia is a disease of adolescents and is rare in children. In total, 12 children with primary achalasia, with a mean age of 10.8 +/- 2 years, were prospectively evaluated for the efficacy of a 30-mm-diameter Rigiflex balloon for relief of symptoms and weight gain after 1 and 6 months of follow up. The 12 children were evaluated and treated for(More)
Barium esophagograms of 89 patients out of 110 with manometrically proven achalasia were reviewed. Only four (4.4%) patients showed association of hiatal hernia, indicative of its rare occurrence. Presence of hiatal hernia, is said to have less likelihood of associated achalasia but this association does exist as per our report and that of others.
OBJECTIVE Duration of Inflation in pneumatic balloon dilatation as treatment of achalasia has been variable ranging from 15 s to 6 min. A 60 s duration appears to be most often used. We compared the efficacy of dilation of achalasia with either 6- or 60-s inflation duration using a Rigiflex dilator of 3.0 cm diameter. METHODS Eighty-one consecutive(More)
AIM Periodontal disease elevates systemic inflammatory markers strongly associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy on systemic C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen and white blood cells in CHD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Pneumatic balloon dilatation is the treatment of choice for esophageal achalasia. Rigiflex (Microvasive, Watertown, MA) polyethylene balloon dilators have been used with varying success and complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of graded balloon dilatation, to achieve symptomatic improvement in patients with achalasia. From(More)
OBJECTIVE The severity of hepatic abnormalities and extent of dysfunction of other organ systems influences prognosis for cirrhosis. The Child-Pugh system has been used to classify cirrhotic patients into good, intermediate, or poor risk categories in evaluation and therapy. Disregard for cardiorespiratory, renal, electrolyte balance, and acid base status(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the success and complications of precut papillotomy using needle knife technique in common bile duct cannulation. DESIGN Quasi interventional. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY The Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore from April 2001 to August 2003. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC) in terms of improvement in hemoglobin level and disappearance of telangiectasia as endoscopic treatment for Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE) and Diffuse Antral Vascular Ectasia (DAVE) syndrome in liver cirrhosis. STUDY DESIGN Quasi experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY(More)