Arrigo Benedetto

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By immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization at the electron microscopy level, and by the PCR technique, we have shown that HIV-1 binds and enters normal sperm; that viral particles, their antigens, and nucleic acid are present in sperm from HIV-1 infected men; and that such sperm can transfer HIV-1 like particles to normal human oocytes. We also(More)
Cell proliferation and differentiation in the vomeronasal organ of the adult mouse was studied by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry coupled to immunostaining for specific markers of the differentiation, such as carnosine, B50-GAP43 (growth-associated protein) and stathmin. The present study shows that three populations of proliferating elements(More)
Prostaglandins of the A series strongly inhibit the production of Sendai virus in African green monkey kidney cells and are able to prevent the establishment of persistent infection ("carrier" state). This action is specific for prostaglandin A and is not due to alteration in the host cell metabolism or in the virus infectivity. The possibility that this(More)
Differential cell proliferation and apoptosis play a key role in organ morphogenesis. We have analyzed these two processes in the development of murine vomeronasal organ (VNO), an olfactory structure involved in the detection of pheromones. Using the TUNEL (TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labelling) method we demonstrate that dying cells are relatively more(More)
Prostaglandins of the A series (PGA) were shown to be potent inhibitors of Sendai virus replication in African green monkey kidney cells in culture. This antiviral activity was specific for PGA. The effective dose (4 micrograms/ml) was not toxic to the cells and did not alter either host cell metabolism of infectivity of the virus. PGA did not affect the(More)
We analyzed survivin as a marker of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and a predictor of HPV clearance and disease outcome in cervical cancer in 302 samples (squamous cell carcinomas [SCCs], 150; CIN lesions, 152) by immunohistochemical staining with survivin antibody and HPV testing using polymerase chain(More)
Among several prostaglandins (PGs) tested, PGF1 alpha was found to slightly enhance, while PGAs and PGDs were found to drastically inhibit the growth of K562 cells in culture. This effect was dose dependent. While PGD2 was cytotoxic, PGA1 treatment could totally inhibit K562 cell proliferation, without affecting cell viability. PGA1 action was reversible;(More)
The effect of exogenous and endogenous prostaglandins on the patterns of growth and differentiation of Friend erythroleukaemia cells (FLC) were studied. During the differentiation process, DMSO stimulated PGE synthesis by an average of 95%. The addition of a long-acting synthetic analogue of PGE2,16,16-dimethyl-PGE2-methyl ester (di-M-PGE2) to the culture(More)
Prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2) was found to suppress dramatically Sendai virus replication in African green monkey kidney cells in culture. PGJ2 was not toxic at the active dose to uninfected cells and did not significantly inhibit macromolecular synthesis, but it specifically stimulated the synthesis of a polypeptide of 74,000 mol. wt. In Sendai virus-infected(More)
Compared with other T cell lines, C8166 lymphocytes are particularly susceptible to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the outcome is invariably cell death. The results reported in this study demonstrate that the virus-induced cytolysis is strongly dependent on the initial cell density of C8166 cultures. Cultures diluted to 50 to 500 cells/ml(More)