Arrigo Benedetto

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We have been investigating a long-term nonprogressor who was found to be human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) seropositive in 1985 and has survived with stable CD4+ T-cell counts (>1,000 CD4 cells/microl) without any AIDS-related illness. We have previously reported that repeated attempts to measure HIV-1 RNA in the peripheral mononuclear cells(More)
By immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization at the electron microscopy level, and by the PCR technique, we have shown that HIV-1 binds and enters normal sperm; that viral particles, their antigens, and nucleic acid are present in sperm from HIV-1 infected men; and that such sperm can transfer HIV-1 like particles to normal human oocytes. We also(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been found in lung cancer cases with variable frequency. In the present study, we analysed a series of 38 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (21 paraffin-embedded archival samples and 17 fresh surgical specimens) for the presence of E6 and E7 oncogenes of HPV16, 18 and 31. Eight of the tumours were positive(More)
The role of p16(INK4A) as a marker of HR-HPV and in the diagnosis of CIN has been well established, but its predictive value in the clearance of the virus after CIN treatment and its use as a prognostic marker of cervical cancer has not been studied. A series of 302 archival samples, including 150 squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and 152 CIN lesions, were(More)
In this paper the Authors describe the presence of HIV particles on and in mature spermatozoa either ejaculated by AIDS patients or incubated in vitro with HIV. Both kinds of spermatozoa have particles localized around the sperm organelles. In the first case, the nucleoid of the virus can be enveloped by a membrane-like coat or be devoid of it and form(More)
As part of an extensive multi-institutional DIANAIDS study focused on assessing the risk factors, natural history, diagnosis and follow-up of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in HIV-infected women, the present communication reports a sub-cohort of 142 women (89 HIV+ and 48 HIV-), followed-up for a mean of 14.07 (+/-10.84) months to analyse the(More)
The HIV viral burden and RNA expression in a selected group of infected, clinically non-progressor patients were investigated. Five fast-progressor patients and 10 AIDS cases were included as controls. The HIV viral load was investigated by semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in adherent macrophages and in genomic and extragenomic fractions of(More)
Among several prostaglandins (PGs) tested, PGF1 alpha was found to slightly enhance, while PGAs and PGDs were found to drastically inhibit the growth of K562 cells in culture. This effect was dose dependent. While PGD2 was cytotoxic, PGA1 treatment could totally inhibit K562 cell proliferation, without affecting cell viability. PGA1 action was reversible;(More)
We report the complete sequence analysis of the provirus harbored in a long-term nonprogressor (patient SG1) 20 years after the first infection with a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strain lacking nef. The sequencing showed large deletions in the nef-nef and nef-U3 regions. Except for vpu, all of the other accessory genes were intact. The gag and pol(More)
OBJECTIVES In women with HIV-associated immunosuppression, HPV infections have an increased risk of progression to high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). With the HAART-induced prolonged survival and more protracted clinical course of AIDS, progression of CIN to cervical cancer (CC) has become a clinically relevant issue, and the mechanisms(More)