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The present study demonstrates an eco-friendly and low cost protocol for synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the cell-free filtrate of Aspergillus flavus NJP08 when supplied with aqueous silver (Ag+) ions. Identification of the fungal isolate was based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) identities. Transmission electron(More)
Using natural processes as inspiration, the present study demonstrates a positive correlation between zinc metal tolerance ability of a soil fungus and its potential for the synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles. A total of 19 fungal cultures were isolated from the rhizospheric soils of plants naturally growing at a zinc mine area in India and(More)
Prevention of cancer through nutritional intervention has gained significant recognition in recent years. Evidence revealed from mechanistic investigations coupled with molecular epidemiology show an inverse association of dietary flavonoids intake with cancer risk. The chemopreventive and anticarcinogenic potential of Selaginella bryopteris, a traditional(More)
The toxic response of cultured human colon epithelial-FHC cells to methyl isocyanate was investigated with regard to genomic instability. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of the extent of phosphorylation of DNA damage signaling factors such as ATM, gammaH2AX and p53, was increased in treated cells compared to controls. At the same time, many treated(More)
The present study included three groups: (A) age and gender matched control (n=24) with no previous signs of M. tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infection, (B) patients (n=28) diagnosed with gastro-intestinal TB (GITB), (C) patients (n=50) with clinical and histo-pathological signs of GITB, but were culture and AFB negative. Real time assay performed using(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent APCs, with the ability to orchestrate a repertoire of immune responses. DCs play a pivotal role in the initiation, programming and regulation of tumor-specific immune responses, as they are poised to take up, process and present tumor antigens to naive or effector T lymphocytes. Although, to an extent, DC-based(More)
RATIONALE Diverse autoantibodies are present in most patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We hypothesized that specific autoantibodies may associate with IPF manifestations. OBJECTIVES To identify clinically relevant, antigen-specific immune responses in patients with IPF. METHODS Autoantibodies were detected by immunoblots and ELISA.(More)
Isocyanates, a group of low molecular weight aromatic and aliphatic compounds containing the isocyanate group (-NCO), are important raw materials with diverse industrial applications; however, pathophysiological implications resulting from occupational and accidental exposures of these compounds are hitherto unknown. Although preliminary evidence available(More)
Lymphocyte homeostasis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with increased susceptibility to infections. Mitochondrial oxidative stress is implicated primarily in the immune pathophysiology of diabetes; however, the molecular underpinnings of lymphocyte mitochondrial dysfunction and ensuing downstream cellular effects are hitherto unreported.(More)
Implications of environmental toxins on the regulation of neutrophil function are being significantly appraised. Such effects can be varied and markedly different depending on the type and extent of chemical exposure, which results in direct damage to the immune system. Isocyanates with functional group (–NCO), are considered as highly reactive molecules(More)