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The underlying cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to be the accumulation and aggregation of a misfolded protein, amyloid-beta (Abeta). A promising strategy against AD is the application of protective, peptide-based neuroprotective agents that selectively bind to Abeta. We recently described a pentapeptide, LPYFDa, which recognizes Abeta (1-42) and(More)
The use of compounds with high selectivity for each opioid receptor (mu, delta and kappa) is crucial for understanding the mechanisms of opioid actions. Until recently non-peptide mu-opioid receptor selective antagonists were not available. However, N-cyclopropylmethyl-4,14-dimethoxy-morphinan-6-one (cyprodime) has shown a very high selectivity for(More)
The effectiveness of beta2-agonists in preterm delivery is reduced by several factors. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of late pregnancy in the uterus-relaxing effect of terbutaline in the rat in vitro. Rat uterine tissues from late pregnancy (days 15, 18, 20 and 22) were used. In vitro electrical field-stimulation (EFS) was used to(More)
An effective epimerization of the normal estrone 3-methyl and 3-benzyl ethers by using o-phenylenediamine and AcOH made the possibility for facile entry into the 13alpha-estrone series. Combination of this synthetic methodology with an isolation step carried out by means of the Girard-P reagent, the corresponding ethers of 13-epi-estrone were obtained in(More)
The possibility of the therapeutic use of estrogens emerged following the recognition that certain estradiol analogs, and particularly metabolites (e.g. the A-ring metabolite 2-hydroxyestrone, etc.) inhibit the differentiation of diverse tumor cell lines. Until recently, despite the investigation of numerous synthetic d-ring-substituted estrone derivatives,(More)
Haplopine-3,3′-dimethylallyl ether (HAP) was isolated from a Sudanese herb (El-hazha), characterized and tested on isolated rat uterus rings pre-contracted with KCl by means of in vitro and in silico docking studies on a customized rat β2-adrenoceptor (β2-AR). The in vitro results revealed that HAP produces uterus-relaxant effects similar to those of(More)
The oxytocin receptor belongs to class A receptors within the great family of G protein-coupled receptors. The endogenous ligand oxytocin is a nonapeptide hormone that induces the uterine contractions at parturition and is used to induce the labor. The peptide oxytocin and, even more, its non-peptide antagonist, could be valuable tools in tocolysis. The(More)
Three-dimensional structure-activity relationship studies of alpha2a-adrenoceptor agonists were carried out by Distance Comparison (DISCOthech) and Comparative Molecular Field Analysis (CoMFA) methods to define the pharmacophore and a quantitative model, respectively, of this class of compounds. The statistical validation of the CoMFA model indicates its(More)
The four possible isomers of 3-benzyloxy-16-hydroxymethylestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-ol (1a-4a) with proven configurations were converted into the corresponding 3-benzyloxy-16-bromomethylestra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diols (5e-8e). Depending on the reaction conditions the cis isomers of 3-benzyloxy-16-hydroxymethylestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-ol (1a and 2a) were(More)
Eight oxytocin (OT) antagonists with general structure Mpa(1)Sar(7)Arg(8), substituted at position 2 with conformationally constrained and bulky amino acids, were synthesized and pharmacologically tested. Binding affinities and selectivities of compounds for OT, and vasopressin receptor subtypes were investigated. In vitro effects of antagonists were(More)