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The seizure-induced molecular and functional alterations of glutamatergic transmission in the hippocampus have been investigated. Daily repeated epileptic seizures were induced for 12 days by intraperitoneal administration of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 4.5 mg/kg) in adult Wistar rats. The seizure symptoms were evaluated on the Racine's scale. One day after the(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widespread neuropeptide with a diverse array of biological functions. Not surprisingly, the lack of endogenous PACAP therefore results in a variety of abnormalities. One of the important effects of PACAP is its neuroprotective and general cytoprotective role. PACAP protects neurons and other(More)
Growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and more recently vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been used extensively to heal experimental gastric, duodenal and colonic ulcers in animal models. Encouraging results have been reported in clinical trials with(More)
BACKGROUND Our laboratory group observed earlier that the gastric mucosal cytoprotective effect of prostacyclin (PGI(2)) disappeared after surgical vagotomy in rats. Similarly to this, the beta-carotene induced gastric cytoprotection disappeared in adrenalectomized rats too. AIMS In these studies we aimed to investigate the possible role of vagal nerve(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) is frequently complicated by various nutritional disturbances. Although it is important to correct these disturbances, the nutritional status of CD patients has been poorly documented, especially concerning vitamin status. The aims of this study were (a) to measure the serum concentrations of vitamin A and six other carotenoids (lutein,(More)
There is no single technique which fulfils the criterion for a reference method to detect Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection. The aim was to compare the results of antral histology (H), rapid urease test (U) and urea breath test (UBT) from antral biopsy samples in patients having gastric or duodenal lesions during upper GI endoscopy. We used the following(More)
BACKGROUND the developmental mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients is unknown, but it may be influenced by different environmental and genetical factors. AIMS of this study were: (1) to classify the IBD patients according the disease activity; and (2) to determine the presence of factor V Leiden mutation in IBD patients. PATIENTS AND(More)
UNLABELLED The serum levels of carotenoids (vitamin A, lutein, zeaxanthin, alfa- and beta cryptoxanthin, alfa- and beta-carotene) were measured in healthy persons (n=40) and in 98 patients with different malignant gastrointestinal diseases (44 patients with colon adenocarcinoma, 21 with gastric cancer, 15 with hepatocellular adenocarcinoma, 10 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients achieving rapid virological response (RVR) on PEG-IFN/ribavirin (P/R) therapy have high chance of sustained virological response (SVR). To analyze host immunological factors associated with RVR, viral kinetics, phenotype distribution and Th1/Th2 cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), a neuropeptide with diverse effects, was originally isolated as a hypothalamo-hypophyseal peptide. Subsequent studies showed highest levels of PACAP in the testis after the brain, suggesting that it influences the development and functioning of spermatozoa. Indeed, it has been proven that PACAP has(More)