Aron E Vrtala

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In this Letter we report, for the first time, direct and simultaneous determinations of mass and thermal accommodation coefficients for water vapor condensation in air, based on the observation of droplet growth kinetics in an expansion cloud chamber. Our experiments exclude values below 0.85 for the thermal and below 0.4 for the mass accommodation(More)
Nucleation of aerosol particles from trace atmospheric vapours is thought to provide up to half of global cloud condensation nuclei. Aerosols can cause a net cooling of climate by scattering sunlight and by leading to smaller but more numerous cloud droplets, which makes clouds brighter and extends their lifetimes. Atmospheric aerosols derived from human(More)
Generation, investigation, and manipulation of nanostructured materials are of fundamental and practical importance for several disciplines, including materials science and medicine. Recently, atmospheric new particle formation in the nanometer-size range has been found to be a global phenomenon. Still, its detailed mechanisms are mostly unknown, largely(More)
Atmospheric aerosols exert an important influence on climate through their effects on stratiform cloud albedo and lifetime and the invigoration of convective storms. Model calculations suggest that almost half of the global cloud condensation nuclei in the atmospheric boundary layer may originate from the nucleation of aerosols from trace condensable(More)
Atmospheric new-particle formation affects climate and is one of the least understood atmospheric aerosol processes. The complexity and variability of the atmosphere has hindered elucidation of the fundamental mechanism of new-particle formation from gaseous precursors. We show, in experiments performed with the CLOUD (Cosmics Leaving Outdoor Droplets)(More)
Nucleation probabilities for binary heterogeneous nucleation have been measured quantitatively. Heterogeneous nucleation of binary n-propanol-water vapor mixtures on partially soluble 6.9-nm NaCl particles and on nonsoluble oxidized and nonoxidized 8-nm Ag particles at a constant nucleation temperature of 288 K (NaCl) or 285 K (Ag) has been investigated(More)
We report comprehensive, demonstrably contaminant-free measurements of binary particle formation rates by sulfuric acid and water for neutral and ion-induced pathways conducted in the European Organization for Nuclear Research Cosmics Leaving Outdoor Droplets chamber. The recently developed Atmospheric Pressure interface-time of flight-mass spectrometer was(More)
In this Letter, we report the first experimental study of binary heterogeneous gas-liquid nucleation. Onset activities were obtained for nucleation of various n-propanol-water vapor mixtures on 6.9 nm NaCl particles soluble in water and practically insoluble in n-propanol. The Fletcher theory of vapor nucleation on insoluble particles provided a reasonable(More)
In this paper we present a new form of the nucleation theorems applicable to heterogeneous nucleation. These heterogeneous nucleation theorems allow, for the first time, direct determination of properties of nanoclusters formed on pre-existing particles from measured heterogeneous nucleation probabilities. The theorems can be used to analyze the size (first(More)
The growth of freshly formed aerosol particles can be the bottleneck in their survival to cloud condensation nuclei. It is therefore crucial to understand how particles grow in the atmosphere. Insufficient experimental data has impeded a profound understanding of nano-particle growth under atmospheric conditions. Here we study nano-particle growth in the(More)