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CD8 serves both as an adhesion molecule for class I MHC molecules and as a coreceptor with the TCR for T cell activation. Here we study the developmental regulation of CD8-mediated binding to noncognate peptide/MHC ligands (i.e., those not bound by the TCR). We show that CD8's ability to bind soluble class I MHC tetramers and to mediate T cell adhesion(More)
T cells are critical for clearing infection and preventing tumors induced by polyoma virus, a natural murine papovavirus. We previously identified the immunodominant epitope for polyoma virus-specific CTL in tumor-resistant H-2k mice as the Dk-restricted peptide, MT389-397, derived from the polyoma middle T oncoprotein. In this study, we developed(More)
We recently reported a mouse model called ACE 10/10 in which macrophages overexpress the carboxypeptidase angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). These mice have an enhanced inflammatory response to tumors that markedly inhibits tumor growth. Here, we show that ACE modifies the C termini of peptides for presentation by major histocompatibility complex (MHC)(More)
Numerous microbes establish persistent infections, accompanied by antigen-specific CD8 T cell activation. Pathogen-specific T cells in chronically infected hosts are often phenotypically and functionally variable, as well as distinct from T cells responding to nonpersistent infections; this phenotypic heterogeneity has been attributed to an ongoing(More)
Control of persistently infecting viruses requires that antiviral CD8(+) T cells sustain their numbers and effector function. In this study, we monitored epitope-specific CD8(+) T cells during acute and persistent phases of infection by polyoma virus, a mouse pathogen that is capable of potent oncogenicity. We identified several novel polyoma-specific(More)
An array of inhibitory and activating receptors initially identified on NK cells are also expressed by conventional CD8+ alphabeta T cells. New evidence strongly implicates these 'NK cell receptors' in modulating NK cell and virus-specific CD8+ T cell responses against a variety of viral infections. Precise regulation of NK cell and T cell responses by(More)
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells serve as vanguards of antimicrobial host defense in nonlymphoid tissues, particularly at barrier epithelia and in organs with nonrenewable cell types (e.g., brain). In this study, we asked whether an augmented ability to sense Ag complemented their role as early alarms of pathogen invasion. Using mouse polyomavirus, we(More)
We have examined requirements for antigen presentation to a panel of MHC class I-and class II-restricted, influenza virus-specific CTL clones by controlling the form of virus presented on the target cell surface. Both H-2K/D- and I region-restricted CTL recognize target cells exposed to infectious virus, but only the I region-restricted clones efficiently(More)
Cloned lines of murine cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) directed to type A influenza virus confer complete protection upon adoptive transfer to syngeneic mice lethally infected by influenza virus. The exquisite specificity exhibited by a subtype-specific cloned CTL in culture is reflected in its capacity to eliminate pulmonary virus and mediate recovery only(More)
While the prime function of classical MHC class I molecules (MHC-I) is to present peptide antigens to pathogen-specific cytotoxic T cells, non-classical MHC-I antigens perform a diverse array of functions in both innate and adaptive immunity. In this review we summarize recent evidence that non classical MHC-I molecules are not only recognized by(More)