Arockiasamy Arulandu

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Disease caused by Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is clinically characterized by sudden-onset of fever and severe arthralgia, which may persist for weeks, months, or years after acute phase of the infection. CHIKV is spreading globally; in India it first appeared in the 1960s followed by a quiescent period and then a full-blown remergence in 2006 and sporadic(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), one of the scavenger receptors for oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (ox-LDL), plays a crucial role in the uptake of ox-LDL by cells in the arterial wall. Mounting evidence suggests a role for LOX-1 in various steps of the atherosclerotic process, from initiation to plaque(More)
The lytic enzyme, endolysin, is encoded by bacteriophages (phages) to destroy the peptidoglycan layer of host bacterial cells. The release of phage progenies to start the new infection cycle is dependent on the cell lysis event. Endolysin encoded by DLP12 cryptic prophage is a SAR endolysin which is retained by the bacterium presumably due to the benefit it(More)
Background Chikungunya virus infection is an emerging arbovirus disease. While many infected individuals recover after primary illness, others suffer from persistent debilitating arthralgia that can last for months to years. Currently, there are no immune correlates, vaccines, therapies or robust diagnostics that can affectively prevent, treat or diagnose(More)
The P1 lysozyme Lyz is secreted to the periplasm of Escherichia coli and accumulates in an inactive membrane-tethered form. Genetic and biochemical experiments show that, when released from the bilayer, Lyz is activated by an intramolecular thiol-disulfide isomerization, which requires a cysteine in its N-terminal SAR (signal-arrest-release) domain. Crystal(More)
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