Arnout R. Standaert

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The individual-based approach of the lag phase is gaining interest, especially for pathogens that initially contaminate food products in low amounts. In this paper, the effect of temperature (30, 10, 7, 4 and 2 degrees C) and pH (7.4, 6.1, 5.5, 5.0, 4.7 and 4.4) on the individual cell lag phase of Listeria monocytogenes was examined in a factorial design,(More)
AIMS To develop a protocol to isolate single cells in wells of a microtitre plate, having a high certainty of individual cells, combined with a sufficient yield. METHODS AND RESULTS Single cells were obtained using 1/2 dilution series in microtitre plates. Seventy-two Lactococcus lactis dilution series were checked by plate counting. When the last five(More)
AIMS The variability in growth between individual Listeria monocytogenes cells was investigated on liver pâté and cooked ham. These results were compared to Monte Carlo simulations based on data collected previously in broths (Francois et al., submitted for publication). METHODS AND RESULTS Single cells were isolated by a dilution protocol and inoculated(More)
The effect of the individual environmental factors temperature (2-30 degrees C), pH (4.4-7.4) and a(w) (0.947-0.995) as well as the combinations of these factors on the individual cell lag phase and the generation time of Listeria monocytogenes was investigated. Individual cells were isolated using a serial dilution protocol in microtiter plates, and(More)
In the field of predictive microbiology, mathematical models are developed to describe and predict the behaviour and possible outgrowth of spoilage and/or pathogenic microorganisms in food products. Research has mostly focused on the development of macroscopic models, which have a number of inherent disadvantages. This paper adopts the methodology of(More)
This series of two papers deals with the theory of cell division and its implementation in an individual-based modeling framework. In this first part, the theory of cell division is studied on an individual-based level in order to learn more about the mechanistic principles behind microbial lag phenomena. While some important literature on cell division(More)
This paper is the second in a series of two, and studies microbial lag in cell number and/or biomass measurements caused by temperature changes with an individual-based modeling approach. For this purpose, the theory of cell division, as discussed in the first part of this series of research papers, was implemented in the individual-based modeling framework(More)
The food industry faces two paradoxical demands: on the one hand, foods need to be microbiologically safe for consumption and on the other hand, consumers want fresh, minimally processed foods. To meet these demands, more insight into the mechanisms of microbial growth is needed, which includes, among others, the microbial lag phase. This is the time needed(More)
Description of microbial cell (population) behavior as influenced by dynamically changing environmental conditions intrinsically needs dynamic mathematical models. In the past, major effort has been put into the modeling of microbial growth and inactivation within a constant environment (static models). In the early 1990s, differential equation models(More)
AIMS The effect of temperature (2-30 degrees C), pH (4.8-7.4) and water activity (0.946-0.995) on the relationship between optical density (OD) at 600 nm and the plate count (CFU ml(-1)) was investigated for Listeria monocytogenes. METHODS AND RESULTS Calibration curves, relating OD with plate counts, were collected by measuring the OD of consecutive(More)