Arnoud van der Laarse

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Cardiac hypertrophy is a well known response to increased hemodynamic load. Mechanical stress is considered to be the trigger inducing a growth response in the overloaded myocardium. Furthermore, mechanical stress induces the release of growth-promoting factors, such as angiotensin II, endothelin-1, and transforming growth factor-beta, which provide a(More)
BACKGROUND The question of whether training-induced left ventricular hypertrophy in athletes is a physiological rather than a pathophysiological phenomenon remains unresolved. The purpose of the present study was to detect any abnormalities in cardiac function in hypertrophic hearts of elite cyclists and to examine the response of myocardial high-energy(More)
Alignment of cardiomyocytes (CMCs) contributes to the anisotropic (direction-related) tissue structure of the heart, thereby facilitating efficient electrical and mechanical activation of the ventricles. This study aimed to investigate the effects of forced alignment of stem cells during cardiomyogenic differentiation on their functional integration with(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to investigate the development of electrical transmission across human adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) during long-term co-incubation with cardiomyocytes (CMCs). METHODS Neonatal rat CMCs were cultured in multi-electrode array dishes. A conduction block was induced by creating a central(More)
BACKGROUND During excessive pressure or volume overload, cardiac cells are subjected to increased mechanical stress (MS). We set out to investigate how the stress response of cardiac cells to MS can be compared to genotoxic stresses induced by DNA damaging agents. We chose for this purpose to use ionising radiation (IR), which during mediastinal(More)
Elevated cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) levels have been demonstrated in serum of patients without acute coronary syndromes, potentially via a stretch-related process. We hypothesize that this cTnI release from viable cardiomyocytes is mediated by stimulation of stretch-responsive integrins. Cultured cardiomyocytes were treated with (1) Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser(More)
To assess the accuracy of quantitative analysis of global and regional wall motion and wall thickening of the left ventricle with cine magnetic resonance (MR), images obtained in eight pigs before and after myocardial infarction were compared with those obtained using gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-enhanced multislice spin-echo MR(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibition with sildenafil has been used to treat severe pulmonary hypertension and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease in very preterm infants who were mechanically ventilated for respiratory distress syndrome. METHODS Sildenafil treatment was investigated in 2 models of experimental BPD: a lethal(More)
Myocardial scar formation impairs heart function by inducing cardiac remodeling, decreasing myocardial compliance, and compromising normal electrical conduction. Conversion of myocardial scar fibroblasts (MSFs) into (functional) cardiomyocytes may be an effective alternative treatment to limit loss of cardiac performance after myocardial injury. In this(More)
Embryonic chick bone cells express various types of ionic channels in their plasma membranes for as yet unresolved functions. Chick osteoclasts (OCL) have the richest spectrum of channel types. Specific for OCL is a K+ channel, which activates (opens) when the inside negative membrane potential (Vm) becomes more negative (hyperpolarization). This is(More)