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BACKGROUND It has been postulated that depending on the type of exercise performed, 2 different morphological forms of athlete's heart may be distinguished: a strength-trained heart and an endurance-trained heart. Individual studies have not tested this hypothesis satisfactorily. METHODS AND RESULTS The hypothesis of divergent cardiac adaptations in(More)
AIM The purpose of the study was to compare the accuracy of M-mode echocardiography and two different two-dimensional echocardiographic approaches in the assessment of left ventricular mass and volumes in endurance-trained and strength-trained athletes, using magnetic resonance imaging as reference standard. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 19 athletes and(More)
We characterized hemodynamics and systolic and diastolic right ventricular (RV) function in relation to structural changes in the rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension. Rats were treated with MCT at 30 mg/kg body wt (MCT30, n = 15) and 80 mg/kg body wt (MCT80, n = 16) to induce compensated RV hypertrophy and RV failure,(More)
In acute myocardial infarction cardiac troponin-T (cTnT) is the preferred biomarker to detect myocardial necrosis. Our aim was to investigate the prognostic value of peak plasma cTnT in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients were eligible if ST-elevation myocardial infarction(More)
OBJECTIVE C-reactive protein (CRP) has been associated with risk of cardiovascular disease. It is not clear whether CRP is causally involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Mouse CRP is not expressed at high levels under normal conditions and increases in concentration only several-fold during an acute phase response. Because the dynamic range of(More)
Plasma levels of myocardial enzymes present after local heart irradiation were studied in a rat model. The purpose was to investigate whether, within days after irradiation, these enzyme levels change to such an extent that they may be helpful in assessing the severity of cardiac damage after radiotherapy. Therefore, activities of creatine kinase (CK),(More)
To date, lipid-lowering therapy appears to be the most effective medical intervention to retard progression of coronary atherosclerosis. In spite of promising experimental results, clinical trials completed so far have failed to demonstrate that calcium channel blockers (CCBs) alone influence the evolution of established coronary atherosclerosis. To assess(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated whether human adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) could repair an experimentally induced conduction block in cardiomyocyte cultures. BACKGROUND Autologous stem cell therapy is a novel treatment option for patients with heart disease. However, detailed electrophysiological characterization of hMSCs is still(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced in the heart by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is a highly reactive signaling molecule and an important modulator of myocardial function. NOS catalyzes the conversion of L: -arginine to L: -citrulline and NO but under particular circumstances reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be formed instead of NO (uncoupling). In the heart, three(More)
OBJECTIVE Myocardin is a recently discovered transcriptional regulator of cardiac and smooth muscle development. Its ability to transactivate smooth muscle-specific genes has been firmly established in animal cells but its effect on heart muscle genes has been investigated less extensively and the consequences of ectopic myocardin expression in human cells(More)