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Cell surface receptors integrate chemical and mechanical cues to regulate a wide range of biological processes. Integrin complexes are the mechanotransducers between the extracellular matrix and the actomyosin cytoskeleton. By analogy, cadherin complexes may function as mechanosensors at cell-cell junctions, but this capacity of cadherins has not been(More)
Adhesion of platelets to the subendothelial matrix of an injured vessel wall is an essential step in triggering the formation of a haemostatic plug. Fibronectin, collagen and laminin are three major components of the subendothelial matrix which support platelet adhesion. Receptors for fibronectin and collagen have been identified on platelets and are(More)
During wound healing, angiogenesis, and tumor invasion, cells often change their expression profiles of fibronectin-binding integrins. Here, we show that beta1 integrins promote random migration, whereas beta3 integrins promote persistent migration in the same epithelial cell background. Adhesion to fibronectin by alpha(v)beta3 supports extensive actin(More)
Binding between sperm and egg plasma membranes is an essential step in fertilization. Whereas fertilin, a mammalian sperm surface protein, is involved in this crucial interaction, sperm receptors on the egg plasma membrane have not been identified. Because fertilin contains a predicted integrin ligand domain, we investigated the expression and function of(More)
Two cytoplasmic variants of the alpha 6 integrin, alpha 6A and alpha 6B, have been identified previously (Hogervorst, F., I. Kuikman, A. G. van Kessel, and A. Sonnenberg. 1991. Eur. J. Biochem. 199:425-433; Cooper, H. M., R. N. Tamura, and V. Quaranta. 1991. J. Cell Biol. 115:843-850). Using synthetic peptides, containing sequences of their cytoplasmic(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the roles of individual a//3, integrin heterodimers in promoting cellular interactions with the different attachment-promoting domains of laminin (LN). To do this, antibodies to the integrin ~] subunit or to specific integrin c~ subunits were tested for effects on cell attachment to LN, to elastase fragments El-4 and(More)
Despite their importance in cell biology, the mechanisms that maintain the nucleus in its proper position in the cell are not well understood. This is primarily the result of an incomplete knowledge of the proteins in the outer nuclear membrane (ONM) that are able to associate with the different cytoskeletal systems. Two related ONM proteins, nuclear(More)
e have studied the formation of different types of cell matrix adhesions in cells that bind to fibronec-tin via either ␣ 5 ␤ 1 or ␣ v ␤ 3. In both cases, cell adhesion to fibronectin leads to a rapid decrease in RhoA activity. However, ␣ 5 ␤ 1 but not ␣ v ␤ 3 supports high levels of RhoA activity at later stages of cell spreading, which are associated with(More)
The tetraspanin CD151 is a cell-surface molecule known for its strong lateral interaction with the laminin-binding integrin alpha3beta1. Patients with a nonsense mutation in CD151 display end-stage kidney failure associated with regional skin blistering and sensorineural deafness, and mice lacking the integrin alpha3 subunit die neonatally because of severe(More)