Arnoud Sonnenberg

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Binding between sperm and egg plasma membranes is an essential step in fertilization. Whereas fertilin, a mammalian sperm surface protein, is involved in this crucial interaction, sperm receptors on the egg plasma membrane have not been identified. Because fertilin contains a predicted integrin ligand domain, we investigated the expression and function of(More)
In comparison to the internalization pathways of endocytosis, the recycling pathways are less understood. Even less defined is the process of regulated recycling, as few examples exist and their underlying mechanisms remain to be clarified. In this study, we examine the endocytic recycling of integrin beta1, a process that has been suggested to play an(More)
Defined growth conditions are essential for many applications of human embryonic stem cells (hESC). Most defined media are presently used in combination with Matrigel, a partially defined extracellular matrix (ECM) extract from mouse sarcoma. Here, we defined ECM requirements of hESC by analyzing integrin expression and ECM production and determined(More)
The attachment of cells to the extracellular matrix is of crucial importance in the maintenance of tissue structure and integrity. In stratified epithelia such as in skin as well as in other complex epithelia multiprotein complexes called hemidesmosomes are involved in promoting the adhesion of epithelial cells to the underlying basement membrane. In the(More)
Despite their importance in cell biology, the mechanisms that maintain the nucleus in its proper position in the cell are not well understood. This is primarily the result of an incomplete knowledge of the proteins in the outer nuclear membrane (ONM) that are able to associate with the different cytoskeletal systems. Two related ONM proteins, nuclear(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that there is extensive crosstalk between integrins and TGF-beta signalling. TGF-beta affects integrin-mediated cell adhesion and migration by regulating the expression of integrins, their ligands and integrin-associated proteins. Conversely, several integrins directly control TGF-beta activation. In addition, a number of(More)
The outer nuclear membrane proteins nesprin-1 and nesprin-2 are retained at the nuclear envelope through an interaction of their klarsicht/ANC-1/syne homology (KASH) domain with Sun proteins present at the inner nuclear membrane. We investigated the requirements for the localization of nesprin-3alpha at the outer nuclear membrane and show that the mechanism(More)
A rat monoclonal antibody, GoH3, recognizes cell surface antigens on epithelial cells in a variety of tissues in both man and mouse. Furthermore, the antibody showed reactivity with endothelial cells and blood platelets. The molecule recognized by GoH3 on platelets was determined by immunoprecipitation, followed by analysis on one- and two-dimensional(More)
Adhesion of platelets to the subendothelial matrix of an injured vessel wall is an essential step in triggering the formation of a haemostatic plug. Fibronectin, collagen and laminin are three major components of the subendothelial matrix which support platelet adhesion. Receptors for fibronectin and collagen have been identified on platelets and are(More)
Hemidesmosomes are multiprotein adhesion complexes that promote epithelial stromal attachment in stratified and complex epithelia. Modulation of their function is of crucial importance in a variety of biological processes, such as differentiation and migration of keratinocytes during wound healing and carcinoma invasion, in which cells become detached from(More)