Arnost Kotyk

Learn More
Strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, deficient in either of its two G-proteins, in the Snf3 and Rgt2 sensors, in the Gpr1 receptor and in various hexokinases were tested for their ability to start the activation cascade with a metabolizable monosaccharide that leads eventually to activation of plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase. The acidification rate(More)
The high-affinity E1ATP site of Na+/K+-ATPase labeled with fluorescein 5'-isothiocyanate and its E2ATP site labeled with erythrosin 5'-isothiocyanate (ErITC), as was shown recently [Linnertz et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 28813-28821], reside on separate and adjacent catalytic alpha subunits. This paper provides evidence that specific labeling of the(More)
The lager brewing yeasts, Saccharomyces pastorianus (synonym Saccharomyces carlsbergensis), are allopolyploid, containing parts of two divergent genomes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae contributed to the formation of these hybrids, although the identity of the other species is still unclear. The presence of alleles specific to S. cerevisiae and S. pastorianus was(More)
Experiments with respiration deficient (rho-), ADP/ATP transport deficient (op1) and double (op1 rho-) mutants, with glycolytic and tricarboxylic acid cycle substrates showed that the substrate-induced acidification of yeast suspensions is closely associated with glycolysis. The glucose/proton stoichiometry is 2.5 : 1 to 4 : 1 depending on glucose(More)
Fluorescence of 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate in yeast membranes appears to be caused predominantly by binding to lipids (ANS protein:ANS lipid approximately 1 : 20) as indicated by the fluorescence lifetime, degree of polarization, and excitation spectra. It was insensitive to short-circuiting the membrane potential. Fluorescence intensity increased as(More)
Fluorescence ratio imaging microscopy using pH-sensitive fluorescent dyes makes it possible to evaluate statistical distribution of intracellular pH in a population of the yeast S. cerevisiae examined in a thin layer of suspension in a Petri dish. The distribution appears to fit a Gaussian curve with a half-width around the 0.4 pH unit. The curve became(More)