Arnold van der Meer

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Signaling from endosomes is emerging as a mechanism by which selected receptors provide sustained signals distinct from those generated at the plasma membrane. The activity of natural killer (NK) cells, which are important effectors of innate immunity and regulators of adaptive immunity, is controlled primarily by receptors that are at the cell surface.(More)
Immunotherapy based on natural killer (NK) cell infusions is a potential adjuvant treatment for many cancers. Such therapeutic application in humans requires large numbers of functional NK cells that have been selected and expanded using clinical grade protocols. We established an extremely efficient cytokine-based culture system for ex vivo expansion of NK(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are thought to play an important role in the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) response. Unfortunately, GVL reactivity is often associated with life-threatening graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Characterization of CTL that selectively attack leukemic cells but not normal cells may lead to the development of adjuvant immunotherapy(More)
Soluble forms of HLA-G (sHLA-G) have been implicated in immune regulation. Fetal trophoblast cells are a prime source of HLA-G. Hence, an interaction between sHLA-G and uterine lymphocytes in the decidual tissues can easily be envisaged. These lymphocytes, when properly activated, are implicated in successful trophoblast invasion, placental maturation and(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA), rapamycin (Rapa) and mycophenolic acid (MPA) are frequently used for GVHD prophylaxis and treatment after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). As NK cells have received great interest for immunotherapeutic applications in SCT, we analyzed the effects of these drugs on human cytokine-stimulated NK cells in vitro. Growth-kinetics(More)
The effects of hormone stimulation for IVF treatment on endometrial receptivity remain controversial. Since CD56(bright) natural killer (NK) cells in the endometrium positively contribute to implantation and decidualization whereas CD56(dim) NK cells are negatively associated with reproduction, shifts in the balance between those cells will affect(More)
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G, which is mainly expressed at the maternal-fetal interface, may play a role in the immune tolerance of the semi-allogenic fetus by the mother. Functional studies have shown that HLA-G is indeed a potential modulator of different immune responses. Therefore, it is of interest to study the level of expression of soluble HLA-G(More)
A better understanding of human NK cell development in vivo is crucial to exploit NK cells for immunotherapy. Here, we identified seven distinctive NK cell developmental stages in bone marrow of single donors using 10-color flow cytometry and found that NK cell development is accompanied by early expression of stimulatory co-receptor CD244 in vivo. Further(More)
Purpose: Older acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients have a poor prognosis; therefore, novel therapies are needed. Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells have been adoptively transferred with promising clinical results. Here, we report the first-in-human study exploiting a unique scalable NK-cell product generated ex vivo from CD34+ hematopoietic stem and(More)
The expression of HLA-G by invading trophoblasts suggests a role for this molecule in embryo implantation. Putative targets for HLA-G are the uterine natural killer cells (uNK) that are abundantly present at the time of implantation. Since NK cells are potent producers of a variety of cytokines, interaction with HLA-G may result in the production of(More)