Arnold S Lippa

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29, 31, and 45; right 17, 35, and 37). 17. Although the improvement in WM performance with cholinergic enhancement was a nonsignificant trend in the current study (P 5 0.07), in a previous study (9) with a larger sample (n 5 13) the effect was highly significant (P , 0.001). In the current study, we analyzed RT data for six of our seven subjects because the(More)
Biochemical, electrophysiological, and pharmacological evidence supporting a role for cholinergic dysfunction in age-related memory disturbances is critically reviewed. An attempt has been made to identify pseudoissues, resolve certain controversies, and clarify misconceptions that have occurred in the literature. Significant cholinergic dysfunctions occur(More)
DOV 21,947 [(+)-1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-azabicyclo-[3.1.0]hexane hydrochloride] inhibits the reuptake of [3H]serotonin, [3H]norepinephrine, and [3H]dopamine in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells expressing the corresponding human recombinant transporters (IC(50) values of 12, 23, and 96 nM, respectively). This compound also inhibits [125I]RTI 55(More)
Benzodiazepines remain widely used for the treatment of anxiety disorders despite prominent, often limiting side effects including sedation, muscle relaxation, and ataxia. A compound producing a robust anxiolytic action comparable to benzodiazepines, but lacking these limiting side effects at therapeutic doses (an anxioselective agent), would represent an(More)
DOV 216,303 [(+/-)-1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-azabicyclo-[3.1.0]hexane hydrochloride] is the prototype of a class of compounds referred to as "triple" reuptake inhibitors. Such compounds inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT), and dopamine (DA), the three neurotransmitters most closely linked to major depressive disorder. DOV 216,303(More)
CL 218,872 is the first non-benzodiazepine to selectively displace brain specific 3H-diazepam binding with a potency comparable to that of the benzodiazepines. Like the benzodiazepines, CL 218,872 increased punished responding in a conflict situation and protected against the convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazole. These three pharmacological properties(More)
1. The molecular and behavioral pharmacology of DOV 102,677 is characterized. 2. This characterization was performed using radioligand binding and neurotransmitter uptake assays targeting the monoamine neurotransmitter receptors. In addition, the effects of DOV 102,677 on extracellular neurotransmitter levels were investigated using in vivo microdialysis.(More)
Bicifadine (1-p-tolyl-3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane) inhibits monoamine neurotransmitter uptake by recombinant human transporters in vitro with a relative potency of norepinephrine > serotonin > dopamine (approximately 1:2:17). This in vitro profile is supported by microdialysis studies in freely moving rats, where bicifadine (20 mg/kg i.p.) increased(More)
Brain-specific binding sites have been isolated on synaptosomal membrane fragments which recognize pharmacologically active benzodiazepines (BDZ's) and triazolopyridazines (TPZ's). While early evidence indicated the existence of a single homogeneous class of BDZ binding sites, more recent biological and pharmacological studies support the notion of BDZ(More)
Animal tests of anxiety are used to screen novel compounds for anxiolytic or anxiogenic activity, to investigate the neurobiology of anxiety, and to assess the impact of other occurrences such as exposure to predator odors or early rearing experiences. This unit presents protocols for the most commonly used animal tests of anxiety. The Geller-Seifter(More)