Arnold S. Kirshenbaum

Learn More
Two novel stem cell factor (SCF) dependent human mast cell lines, designated LAD 1 and 2, were established from bone marrow aspirates from a patient with mast cell sarcoma/leukemia. LAD 1 and 2 cells have the ultrastructural features of human mast cells, and express FcepsilonRI, CD4, 9, 13, 14, 22, 31, 32, 45, 64, 71, 103, 117, 132, CXCR4 (CD184), CCR5(More)
Human mast cells are known to arise from a CD34(+)/c-kit(+) progenitor cell population that also gives rise to neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, and monocytes. To further characterize cells within the CD34(+)/c-kit(+) population that yield mast cells, this progenitor was additionally sorted for CD13, a myeloid marker known to appear early on rodent mast(More)
Biologically relevant activation of human mast cells through Fc receptors is believed to occur primarily through the high-affinity IgE receptor Fc epsilon RI. However, the demonstration in animal models that allergic reactions do not necessarily require Ag-specific IgE, nor the presence of a functional IgE receptor, and the clinical occurrence of some(More)
Hemopoietic stem cell factor (SCF), which is the ligand for the proto-oncogene c-kit receptor (allelic with W locus) and the product of Sl locus of the mouse, has recently been cloned. The human homologue has also been cloned, and recombinant protein (human rSCF) expressed and purified to homogeneity. To determine the effect of human rSCF in the presence or(More)
Activated mast cells reside in close apposition to T cells in some inflammatory processes. In this study, we analyzed whether this close physical proximity affects human mast cell degranulation and cytokine release. Thus HMC-1 human mast cells or primary bone marrow-derived human mast cells were cocultured with activated and with resting T cells. Mast cells(More)
OBJECTIVE STI571 is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor which inhibits the kinase activity of kit, the receptor for stem cell factor (SCF). Because activating mutations of c-kit affecting codon 816 are associated with human mast cell neoplasms, we determined whether STI571 exerted a similar cytotoxic effect on neoplastic and normal human mast cells. METHODS We(More)
It has been reported that the administration of interferon alpha-2b is of potential benefit in the treatment of mastocytosis based on a single patient study (NEJM, Feb 27, 1992, 326(9):619-623). Following this report, we administered interferon alpha-2b at a dose of 4 to 5 million units per square meter of body surface area for at least 12 months to one(More)
CD4+ T cell infiltration is known to occur in tissues at sites of mast cell activation. The molecules produced and released by mast cells that account for this lymphocyte accumulation are poorly characterized. Here we report that a CD4+ T cell chemoattractant cytokine, IL-16, is stored preformed in bone marrow-cultured human mast cells and a human mast cell(More)
Human mast cell (HuMC) maturation occurs in tissues interfacing with the external environment, exposing both mast cell progenitors and mature mast cells, to bacteria and their products. It is unknown, however, whether long- or short-term exposure to bacteria-derived toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or peptidoglycan (PGN),(More)