Arnold Pfahnl

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 Connexin 46 (cx46), when expressed in Xenopus oocytes, not only forms typical gap junction channels between paired cells but also forms open gap junction hemichannels in the plasma membrane of single cells. The gap junction hemichannels share properties with complete gap junction channels in terms of permeability and gating. Here we characterize the gate(More)
The ability of certain connexins to form open hemichannels has been exploited to study the pore structure of gap junction (hemi)channels. Cysteine scanning mutagenesis was applied to cx46 and to a chimeric connexin, cx32E(1)43, which both form patent hemichannels when expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The thiol reagent maleimido-butyryl-biocytin was used to(More)
Cysteine replacement mutagenesis has identified positions in the first transmembrane domain of connexins as contributors to the pore lining of gap junction hemichannels (Zhou et al. 1997. Biophys. J. 72:1946-1953). Oocytes expressing a mutant cx46 with a cysteine in position 35 exhibited a membrane conductance sensitive to the thiol reagent maleimidobutyryl(More)
 Connexins are the subunits of gap junction channels which connect neighboring cells. With the exception of lens connexins, they usually do not form open hemichannels in the cell membrane of single cells. Here we describe a chimeric connexin consisting of cx32 where the first extracellular loop sequence is replaced by the corresponding cx43 sequence. This(More)
A cDNA encoding a full length putative sodium channel has been cloned from the sea anemoneAiptasia pallida. The deduced protein, named AiNal, has a predicted molecular weight of 205 000 Da. It shows high structural similarity to other sodium channels from both invertebrates and vertebrates, and its structure is consistent with the four domain, six(More)
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