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Free radicals have long been well known by physicists but have only interested biologists since 1969 when Fridovich showed that O2 was produced during an enzymatic oxidation. O2 and related radicals are highly toxic. This implies that, in all aerobic cells, mechanisms exist which inactivate free radicals as soon as they are produced by oxidative metabolism.(More)
Patients who have systemic lupus erythematosus have increased numbers of chromosome breaks and rearrangements correlated with a low molecular weight chromosome-damaging agent that is released from their lymphocytes into the serum. This clastogenic factor also produces chromosome breaks and sister chromatid exchanges in healthy persons' lymphocytes when they(More)
The comparison of the anti-inflammatory properties (carrageenan paw edema in the rat) of exogenous Cu SODs from various species and human Mn SOD administered at doses corresponding to clinical schedules, shows that human and bovine Cu SOD are fully active, whereas rat Cu SOD and Mn SOD are inefficient. This difference does not correspond to the similarity(More)
The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as the activities of other antioxidative enzymes: CuZn superoxide dismutase (CuZn SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) in erythrocytes, as well as the activity of plasma glutathione transferase (GST), and the plasma content of vitamins E and C were evaluated in 35 sporadic amyotrophic(More)
Comparison of the anti-inflammatory properties of superoxide dismutases from different sources using different models (carrageenan and adriamycin induced inflammation, adjuvant-induced arthritis) in rats shows a very wide range of activity from extremely good to zero. Neither circulating life time nor intracellular penetration are of importance. The(More)