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The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) and its associated disabilities in rural South African children aged 2-9 years. It was undertaken in eight villages in the district of Bushbuckridge, Northern Province, South Africa. A two-phase design was utilized. The first phase involved screening children(More)
The clinical and neurodevelopmental features are presented of four children--two sibling pairs--who were exposed in utero to valproic acid. One of each pair of children presented for diagnosis and assessment of developmental delay; the other sibling was examined at a later date. Three of the children were globally developmentally delayed with marked speech(More)
Linkage analysis and DNA sequencing in a family exhibiting an X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) syndrome, characterized by microcephaly, epilepsy, ataxia, and absent speech and resembling Angelman syndrome, identified a deletion in the SLC9A6 gene encoding the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE6. Subsequently, other mutations were found in a male with mental(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To ascertain the incidence and spectrum of congenital anomalies in neonates born in a rural hospital. DESIGN This was a prospective, hospital-based study, undertaken on liveborn neonates over the period 12 June 1989 - 31 December 1992. SETTING Mankweng Hospital, Sovenga, Northern Transvaal. MAIN RESULTS Of a total of 10,380 neonates(More)
To date over 150 X linked mental retardation (XLMR) conditions have been documented. We describe a five generation South African family with XLMR, comprising 16 affected males and 10 carrier females. The clinical features common to the 16 males included profound mental retardation (100%), mutism despite apparently normal hearing (100%), grand mal epilepsy(More)
Since Watson & Crick's 1953 description of the structure of DNA, significant progress has been achieved in the control of congenital disorders, most of which has benefited industrialized countries. Little advantage accrued to developing nations, most of which in the same time frame achieved a significant epidemiological transition, resulting in congenital(More)