Arnold J. Berry

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One hundred two patients undergoing abdominal aortic reconstructive surgery were prospectively, randomly allocated to two groups, one of which was monitored with a central venous catheter and the other with a pulmonary artery catheter. Patients with uncompensated cardiopulmonary or renal disease were excluded from the study. General anesthesia was(More)
The clinical course and laboratory diagnosis of peritonitis in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis was studied in 32 consecutive episodes. Peritonitis was associated with a failure in aseptic technique in eight episodes and with an exit-site infection in four episodes. Intraperitoneal vancomycin and ceftazidime were safe,(More)
BACKGROUND Anesthesiology is among the medical specialties expected to have physician shortage. With little known about older anesthesiologists' work effort and retirement decision making, the American Society of Anesthesiologists participated in a 2006 national survey of physicians aged 50-79 yr. METHODS Samples of anesthesiologists and other specialists(More)
Contaminated breathing systems have been responsible for nosocomial upper respiratory tract and pulmonary infections in patients undergoing general anesthesia. The current infection control guidelines for anesthesia breathing circuits require single-patient use or high-level disinfection of breathing tubes, y-connector, and reservoir bag. An alternative(More)
We describe the control of wound infection with Staphylococcus aureus in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis at St. Thomas' Hospital. Forty-nine percent of 61 catheters inserted in 1985 and 1986 became infected, and the majority of these infections were acquired in hospital. Infection was impossible to eradicate and was frequently(More)
The prevalence of hepatitis B viral markers is increased in some groups of medical workers who are exposed to blood from patients carrying the virus, but this has not been studied critically in physicians and others who administer anesthesia. Physician anesthesiologists (M.D.) and nurse anesthetists and anesthesia assistants (non-M.D.) at four(More)
HEALTHCARE delivery takes place 24 h a day, 7 days a week, and is colloquially termed a “24/7” operation. Anesthesia providers are required to deliver critical around-the-clock care to a variety of patients. This parallels the situation in many other domains that provide such services, e.g., transportation, law enforcement, communications, fire fighting,(More)
Anesthesiologists are at risk for acquiring blood-borne infections through contact with blood or body fluids. From prospective studies, the greatest risk of transmission is through a percutaneous exposure such as needlestick injury. Personal protective equipment such as gloves and gowns do not completely prevent these exposures. Although educational efforts(More)