Arnold De Loof

Learn More
A seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor has been cloned from Drosophila melanogaster. This receptor shows structural similarities to vertebrate Neuropeptide Y(2) receptors and is activated by endogenous Drosophila peptides, recently designated as short neuropeptide Fs (sNPFs). sNPFs have so far been found in neuroendocrine tissues of four other(More)
Peptides are the largest class of signalling molecules found in animals. Nevertheless, in most proteomic studies peptides are overlooked since they literally fall through the mazes of the net. In analogy with proteomics technology, where all proteins expressed in a cell or tissue are analyzed, the peptidomic approach aims at the simultaneous visualization(More)
The search for myotropic peptide molecules in the brain, corpora cardiaca, corpora allata suboesophageal ganglion complex of Locusta migratoria using a heterologous bioassay (the isolated hindgut of the cockroach, Leucophaea maderae) has been very rewarding. It has lead to the discovery of 21 novel biologically active neuropeptides. Six of the identified(More)
Neuropeptides regulate most, if not all, biological processes in the animal kingdom, but only seven have been isolated and sequenced from Drosophila melanogaster. In analogy with the proteomics technology, where all proteins expressed in a cell or tissue are analyzed, the peptidomics approach aims at the simultaneous identification of the whole peptidome of(More)
Mass spectrometric methods were applied to determine the peptidome of the brain and thoracic ganglion of the Jonah crab (Cancer borealis). Fractions obtained by high performance liquid chromatography were characterized using MALDI-TOF MS and ESI-Q-TOF MS/MS. In total, 28 peptides were identified within the molecular mass range 750-3000Da. Comparison of the(More)
The 'insulin superfamily' is an ancient category of small, structurally related proteins, such as insulin, insulin-like growth factors (IGF) and relaxin. Insulin-like signaling molecules have also been described in different invertebrates, including nematodes, mollusks, and insects. They initiate an evolutionary conserved signal transduction mechanism by(More)
This paper reports the purification of three myotropic neuropeptides from the white shrimp Penaeus vannamei. The central nervous systems of 3500 shrimps were extracted in an acidified solvent, after which four to five HPLC column systems were used to obtain pure peptides. A cockroach hindgut muscle contraction bioassay was used to monitor all collected(More)
Insects respond to microbial infection by the rapid and transient expression of several genes encoding antibacterial peptides. In this paper we describe a powerful technique, two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis, that, when combined with mass spectrometry, can be used to study the immune response of Drosophila melanogaster at the protein level. By(More)
Kinins comprise a family of peptides that were first found in the central nervous system of insects and recently also in mollusks and crustaceans. After the isolation of the first members of the kinin family, the leukokinins from Leucophaea maderae, leukokinin-related peptides were found in the cricket Acheta domesticus and the locust Locusta migratoria,(More)
Identification of substances able to elicit physiological or behavioural processes that are related to reproduction would greatly contribute to the domestication of commercially important crustaceans that do not reproduce easily in captivity. Crustaceans are thought to release urine signals used for chemical communication involved in courtship behaviour. In(More)