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A seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor has been cloned from Drosophila melanogaster. This receptor shows structural similarities to vertebrate Neuropeptide Y(2) receptors and is activated by endogenous Drosophila peptides, recently designated as short neuropeptide Fs (sNPFs). sNPFs have so far been found in neuroendocrine tissues of four other(More)
A myotropic peptide, termed Lom-AG-myotropin, was isolated from extracts of 4400 accessory gland complexes of males of the locust, Locusta migratoria; the following sequence was derived: Gly-Phe-Lys-Asn-Val-Ala-Leu-Ser-Thr-Ala-Arg-Gly-Phe-NH2. This sequence is completely different from all presently known myotropic peptides from Locusta or other insects.(More)
An amidated decapeptide, exhibiting strong inhibitory activity of spontaneous visceral muscle movements, was isolated from 9000 brain-corpora cardiaca-corpora allata-subesophageal ganglion complexes of the migratory locust, Locusta migratoria. During the process of HPLC purifications, the biological activity of the fractions was monitored using the isolated(More)
BACKGROUND The desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) displays a fascinating type of phenotypic plasticity, designated as 'phase polyphenism'. Depending on environmental conditions, one genome can be translated into two highly divergent phenotypes, termed the solitarious and gregarious (swarming) phase. Although many of the underlying molecular events remain(More)
The brain-corpora cardiaca-corpora allata complex of insects is the physiological equivalent of the brain-hypophysis axis of vertebrates. In locusts there is only one corpus cardiacum as a result of fusion, while most other insect species have a pair of such glands. Like the pituitary of vertebrates, the corpus cardiacum consists of a glandular lobe and a(More)
Lom-AG myotropin I (Lom-AG-MTI) was the first peptide to be isolated from the male accessory reproductive glands of the locust, Locust migratoria. It shows no sequence similarity to any of the peptides identified from vertebrate or invertebrate tissues. A polyclonal antiserum was used to localize Lom-AG-MTI-like material in the male reproductive system and(More)
From a methanolic extract of about 2500 salivary glands of Locusta migratoria a peptide was isolated which stimulates cAMP production in the salivary glands and salivation. Maldi-TOFMS revealed a mass of 1779 Da. The primary structure of the peptide is NH2-EVGDLFKEWLQGNMN-COOH. The peptide is named Locusta migratoria-Salivary Gland-Salivation Stimulating(More)
The search for myotropic peptide molecules in the brain, corpora cardiaca, corpora allata suboesophageal ganglion complex of Locusta migratoria using a heterologous bioassay (the isolated hindgut of the cockroach, Leucophaea maderae) has been very rewarding. It has lead to the discovery of 21 novel biologically active neuropeptides. Six of the identified(More)
Two myotropic peptides termed locustatachykinin III and IV were isolated from 9000 brain-corpora cardiaca-corpora allata-suboesophageal ganglion extracts of the locust, Locusta migratoria. The primary structures of Lom-TK III and IV were established as amidated decapeptides: Ala-Pro-Gln-Ala-Gly-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Val-Arg-NH2 (Lom-TK III) and(More)
Two myotropic peptides termed locustatachykinin I (Gly-Pro-Ser-Gly-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Val-Arg-NH2) and locustatachykinin II (Ala-Pro-Leu-Ser-Gly-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Val-Arg-NH2) were isolated from brain-corpora cardiaca-corpora allata-suboesophageal ganglion extracts of the locust, Locusta migratoria. Both peptides exhibit sequence homologies with the vertebrate(More)