Arnold D. K. Hill

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The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases. Their primary function is degradation of proteins in the extracellular matrix. Currently, at least 19 members of this family are known to exist. Based on substrate specificity and domain organization, the MMPs can be loosely divided into four main groups: the interstitial(More)
PURPOSE Associations between p160 coactivator proteins and the development of resistance to endocrine treatment have been described. We hypothesized that nuclear receptor coregulatory proteins may interact with nonsteroid receptors. We investigated the mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated transcription factors, Ets, as possible interaction proteins(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha and ER-beta function as transcription factors, and both interact with nuclear regulatory proteins to enhance or inhibit transcription. We hypothesized that coregulators are expressed in breast cancer and may be differentially recruited by ERs in the presence of estrogen and tamoxifen. ER-beta was found to be expressed more(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative core biopsy in breast cancer is becoming the standard of care. The aim of this study was to analyze the various methods of core biopsy with respect to diagnostic accuracy and to examine the management and outcome of those patients with false-negative biopsies. METHODS All patients undergoing core biopsy for breast abnormalities over(More)
The ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) are membrane proteins containing both protease and adhesion domains and thus may be potentially important in cancer invasion and metastasis. The aim of our study was to investigate the distribution and potential clinical significance of ADAM-9 in breast cancer. ADAM-9 expression was measured using both reverse(More)
Survivin has emerged as a unique regulator of cell death through its response to growth factors, such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), which we have previously shown to be mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) dependent. The transcriptional complex myc/max is an oncogene that lies downstream of the MAPK pathway, suggesting a possible role in(More)
The ADAMs are a family of membrane proteins possessing a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain. One of their main functions is shedding of membrane proteins. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that ADAM-17 (also known as tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme) is involved in breast cancer progression. Overexpression of ADAM-17 in MCF-7(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is associated with breast tumour progression. Clinical and molecular studies implicate human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in the regulation of COX-2 expression. Recent reports raise the possibility that HER2 could mediate these effects through direct transcriptional mechanisms. The relationship between HER2 and COX-2(More)
Mechanisms of acquired resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer, a major clinical challenge, are poorly understood. We have used a mass spectrometry-based screen to identify proteins that are associated with the endocrine-resistant phenotype. In this study, we report the identification of a novel pathway of resistance to endocrine therapy involving(More)