Arno Zaritsky

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The goal of immediate post-cardiac arrest care is to optimize systemic perfusion, restore metabolic homeostasis, and support organ system function to increase the likelihood of intact neurological survival. The post-cardiac arrest period is often marked by hemodynamic instability as well as metabolic abnormalities. Support and treatment of acute myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND The Institute of Medicine calls for the use of clinical guidelines and practice parameters to promote "best practices" and to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE 2007 update of the 2002 American College of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Guidelines for Hemodynamic Support of Neonates and Children with Septic Shock. PARTICIPANTS Society of(More)
In contrast to adults, cardiac arrest in infants and children does not usually result from a primary cardiac cause. More often it is the terminal result of progressive respiratory failure or shock, also called an asphyxial arrest. Asphyxia begins with a variable period of systemic hypoxemia, hypercapnea, and acidosis, progresses to bradycardia and(More)
The emergency cardiovascular care (ECC) scientists involved in the 2005 evidence evaluation process and the revision of the 2005 AHA Guidelines for CPR and ECC began and ended the process aware of the limitations of the resuscitation scientific evidence, optimistic about emerging data that documents the benefits of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation(More)
OBJECTIVE Prospective study of the efficacy of calf lung surfactant extract in pediatric respiratory failure. DESIGN Multi-institutional, prospective, randomized, controlled, unblinded trial. SETTING Eight pediatric intensive care units (ICU) of tertiary medical centers. PATIENTS Forty-two children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure(More)
BACKGROUND Anticholinergic medications such as ipratropium improve the pulmonary function of patients with acute exacerbations of asthma, but their effect on hospitalization rates is uncertain. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 434 children (2 to 18 years old) who had acute exacerbations of moderate or severe(More)
Little is known about dopamine pharmacokinetics in pediatric patients, especially in critically ill infants and children who often receive treatment with dopamine. Arterial plasma concentrations of dopamine were measured in 27 patients who were hemodynamically stable and received dopamine for at least one hour. The dopamine levels were measured using liquid(More)
Evidence-based medicine is described as “the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about individual patients.”1 The evidence evaluation process summarized in this supplement was designed to ensure the review of all available evidence pertaining to resuscitation. Many aspects of the resuscitation process(More)