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Intraoperative 3D ultrasound (3D-iUS) may enhance the quality of neuronavigation by adding information about brain shift and tumor remnants. The aim of our study was to prove the concept of 3D ultrasound on the basis of technical and human effects. A 3D-ultrasound navigation system consisting of a standard personal computer containing a video grabber card(More)
Intra-operative ultrasound (iUS) can generate 2D images in real-time as well as near real-time 3D datasets of the current situation during an intervention. Tracked ultrasound can locate the images in 3D space and relate them to patient, devices, andpre-operative planning data. Therefore, tracked US is an efficient means for controlling the validity of(More)
PURPOSE To present an advanced approach for intraoperative image guidance in an open 0.5 T MRI and to evaluate its effectiveness for neurosurgical interventions by comparison with a dynamic scan-guided localization technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS The built-in scan guidance mode relied on successive interactive MRI scans. The additional advanced mode(More)
Intraoperative ultrasound (iUS) allows the generation of real-time data sets during surgical interventions. The recent innovation of 3D ultrasound probes permits the acquisition of 3D data sets without the need to reconstruct the volume by 2D slices. This article describes the integration of a tracked 3D ultrasound probe into a neuronavigation. An(More)
The aim of this work was to realize and clinically evaluate an image fusion platform for the integration of preoperative MRI and fMRI data into the intraoperative images of an interventional MRI system with a focus on neurosurgical procedures. A vertically open 0.5 T MRI scanner was equipped with a dedicated navigation system enabling the registration of(More)
Ziel dieser Arbeit waren die Realisierung und klinische Bewertung einer Bildfusion präoperativer MRT- und fMRT-Bilder mit intraoperativen Datensätzen eines interventionellen MRT-Systems am Beispiel neurochirurgischer Eingriffe. Ein vertikal offenes 0,5-T-MRT-System wurde mit einem erweiterten Navigationssystem ausgestattet, welches eine Integration(More)
A fast, robust, accurate, and automatic registration technique based on magnetic resonance (MR) active microcoils (active markers) for registration of tracked medical devices to preprocedural MR-images is presented. This allows for a straight-forward integration of position measurement systems into clinical procedures. The presented method is useful for(More)
Methods A novel nTMS system (eXimia NBS, Nexstim Oy) was used in 120 patients for motor (n = 110) as well as speech cortex mapping (n = 10). The nTMS results were integrated with the anatomical data using multimodal software (iPlan Cranial software, Brainlab AG) via DICOM export. The cortical hot spots of motor and speech representation were used to(More)