Arno Schönberg

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Although Lyme borreliosis is regarded as one of the most important zoonotic diseases, in Europe very few research reports have documented examinations on free-ranging wild animal populations and no study on zoo animals has been published. One of the problems regarding the diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis in wild animals is often the lack of species specific(More)
In 1986, 1711 nymphal and adult Ixodes ricinus orginating from Berlin (West) forests were examined individually or in pools of up to 10 ticks for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme borreliosis. Detection of borreliae was carried out by means of a culture method using modified Barbour-Stoenner-Kelly-Medium (BSK II). Tick(More)
The prevalence of B. burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme Borreliosis in humans, was determined in domestic animals living in Berlin. 189 dogs, 29 cats, 224 horses and 194 cows were investigated. Using the indirect immunofluorescence test (IFT) 5.8% of the dogs and 24.5% of the cows investigated showed a positive reaction at titres of 1:128 or higher.(More)
Leptospirosis is a reemerging anthropozoonosis in developing and developed countries [1, 2], and Leptospira spp are endemic to a multitude of domestic and wild animals that shed the infectious pathogen in their urine [1]. Humans usually become infected through contact with urinecontaminated water or soil. Wild boars (Sus scrofa) are well known as animal(More)
Characterisation at the species level of 142 Borrelia isolates obtained from ticks, humans and rodents in Western Europe was carried out and their geographical distribution was described. Borrelia garinii was the predominant species representing 44% of the isolates and B. afzelii and B. burgdorferi sensu stricto constituted 27% and 19% of isolates(More)
Serotyping was carried out on 80 coded strains, distribute to all laboratories taking part in the WHO L. monocytogenes multicenter subtyping study. All six laboratories used the method recommended by their coordinator. All 80 strains were typeable. There was complete agreement between the six laboratories on 49 (61.3%) strains (21 serovar 1/2a and 28(More)
Leptospirosis is probably the most widespread zoonosis in the world.1 Infection of humans occurs after indirect or direct exposure to urine of rodents, livestock, or a wide range of other mammals infected with Leptospira interrogans or other Leptospira species pathogenic to humans.2 Incidence of the disease is higher in warmer than in temperate countries,3(More)
A total of 59 (78.7%) of 75 areas were found to be inhabitated by ticks; all the 4335 collected ticks were identified as Ixodes ricinus. Both nymphs and adults were found to be more active during the late spring and early summer months. Ticks of 29 recreation areas were found to be carrying spirochaetes. Considering the total number of 75 recreation areas(More)
Patients with Borrelia-caused relapsing fever produce cross-reacting antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi, the anti-genetically related causative agent of Lyme borreliosis. The antibody response of the serum of a patient (acute and convalescent) with relapsing fever was analysed by the immunoblot technique using Borrelia hermsii and B. burgdorferi as(More)
The prevalence of intestinal spirochaetosis was investigated in 39 HIV-positive homosexual males (mean age 39 [24-65] years) in different stages of HIV infection (3 with the lymphadenopathy syndrome, 8 with AIDS-related complex and 28 with AIDS). Biopsies for cultural and histological demonstration of spirochaetes were obtained during routine ileoscopies.(More)