Learn More
The survival and functional maintenance of vertebrate neurons critically depends on the availability of specific neurotrophic factors. So far, only two such factors, nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been characterized and shown to have the typical features of secretory proteins. This characterization has been(More)
During the development of the visual system of higher mammals, axons from the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) become segregated into eye-specific patches (the ocular dominance columns) within their target, layer 4 of the primary visual cortex. This occurs as a consequence of activity-dependent synaptic competition between axons representing the two eyes.(More)
During the development of the vertebrate nervous system, many neurons depend for survival on interactions with their target cells. Specific proteins are thought to be released by the target cells and to play an essential role in these interactions. So far, only one such protein, nerve growth factor, has been fully characterized. This has been possible(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a protein that allows the survival of specific neuronal populations. This study reports on the distribution of the BDNF mRNA in the adult mouse brain, where the BDNF gene is strongly expressed, using quantitative Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. All brain regions examined were found to contain(More)
Heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, rate-pressure product and electrocardiographic changes were measured in 288 healthy children during treadmill exercise. A constant speed (3.5 miles/hour) protocol was used to facilitate the measurements of physiologic data during exercise. Because responses to exercise vary with size, the children were(More)
Recent studies have proposed roles for neurotrophins in the formation and plasticity of ocular dominance columns as well as in the regulation of dendritic arborization in visual cortex of higher mammals. To assess potential roles for neurotrophins in these processes, we have examined the developmental expression of BDNF and NT-3 mRNA in the cat's visual(More)
Bradycardia followed by cardiac arrest is well documented as a complication of acute injury to the cervical spinal cord. This life-threatening bradycardia is attributed to an imbalance in the autonomic nervous system resulting from dissociation of the parasympathetic from the sympathetic responses during the stage of spinal shock. A patient with a C2(More)
To explore the racial differences in blood pressure levels in American youth, and to extend current data to include youth of Asian, black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white descent, we recorded blood pressures among ninth graders during the spring of the years 1985 to 1989 in a suburb of Los Angeles. Trained observers, following a standardized protocol,(More)