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Cell cycle progression is dependent on the sequential activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). For full activity, CDKs require an activating phosphorylation of a conserved residue (corresponding to Thr160 in human CDK2) carried out by the CDK-activating kinase (CAK). Two distinct CAK kinases have been described: in budding yeast Saccharomyces(More)
The trimeric Cdk7-cyclin H-Mat1 complex comprises the kinase subunit of basal transcription factor TFIIH and has been shown to function as a cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)-activating kinase. Herein we report that disruption of the murine Mat1 gene leads to peri-implantation lethality coincident with depletion of maternal Mat1 protein. In culture, Mat1(-/-)(More)
We have proved the presence of (2'-5')oligoadenylates [(2'-5')An] and oligoadenylate synthetase [(2'-5')An synthetase] in the marine sponge Geodia cydonium. (2'-5')An isolated from sponge crude extract competed with authentic (2'-5')An for binding to polyclonal antiserum against (2'-5')An. HPLC analysis revealed the presence of nucleotides eluting with(More)
Activating phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) is mediated by at least two structurally distinct types of Cdk-activating kinases (Caks): the trimeric Cdk7-cyclin H-Mat1 complex in metazoans and the single-subunit Cak1 in budding yeast. Fission yeast has both Cak types: Mcs6 is a Cdk7 ortholog and Csk1 a single-subunit kinase. Both(More)
The increasing availability of high-quality reference genomic sequences has created a demand for ways to survey the sequence differences present in individual genomes. Here we describe a DNA sequencing method based on hybridization of a universal panel of tiling probes. Millions of shotgun fragments are amplified in situ and subjected to sequential(More)
A new 9,11-secosterol, 24-nor-9,11-seco-11-acetoxy-3 beta,6 alpha-dihydroxycholest-7,22(E)-dien-9-one, was found to exhibit growth inhibitory (IC50 below 10 microM) and cytotoxic activities against human leukemia K562, human cervical cancer HeLa, and Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in vitro. The cytostatic concentrations of the compound generally caused the(More)
The Mcs6 CDK together with its cognate cyclin Mcs2 represents the CDK-activating kinase (CAK) of fission yeast Cdc2. We have attempted to determine complexes in which Mcs6 and Mcs2 mediate this and possible other functions. Here we characterize a novel interaction between Mcs2 and Skp1, a component of the SCF (Skp1-Cullin-F box protein) ubiquitin ligase.(More)
There is a growing demand for highly parallel gene expression analysis with whole genome coverage, high sensitivity and high accuracy. Open systems such as differential display are capable of analyzing most of the expressed genome but are not quantitative and generally require manual identification of differentially expressed genes by sequencing. Closed(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) rapidly increases the cyclic GMP (cGMP) level about 2-3-fold and enhances the cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity about 2-fold in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. No changes in the level of cyclic AMP (cAMP) and in the activity of cAMP PDE were found. GTP and a nonhydrolysable analog of GTP, GMP-PCP, at 100 microM, were able to(More)
The inhibitory potency of an antisense oligonucleotide depends critically on its design and the accessibility of its target site. Here, we used an RNA interference-guided approach to select antisense oligonucleotide target sites in the coding region of the highly structured hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA genome. We modified the conventional design of an(More)