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BACKGROUND Riociguat, a soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, has been shown in a phase 2 trial to be beneficial in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. METHODS In this phase 3, double-blind study, we randomly assigned 443 patients with symptomatic pulmonary arterial hypertension to receive placebo, riociguat in individually adjusted doses of(More)
BACKGROUND Riociguat, a member of a new class of compounds (soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators), has been shown in previous clinical studies to be beneficial in the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. METHODS In this phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we randomly assigned 261 patients with(More)
MOTIVATION Proteomics has particularly evolved to become of high interest for the field of biomarker discovery and drug development. Especially the combination of liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has proven to be a powerful technique for analyzing protein mixtures. Clinically orientated proteomic studies will have to compare hundreds of(More)
In this paper we address the problem of choosing a single clustering estimatê c based on an MCMC sample of clusterings c from the posterior distribution of a Bayesian cluster model. Methods to derivê c based on the posterior similarity matrix, a matrix with entries P (c i = c j |y), the posterior probabilities that the observations i and j are in the same(More)
Riociguat is a soluble, guanylate cyclase stimulator, approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension. In the 12-week PATENT-1 study, riociguat was well tolerated and improved several clinically relevant end-points in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension who were treatment naïve or had been pretreated with endothelin-receptor antagonists or(More)
BACKGROUND In East Germany, uranium mining was undertaken on a large scale from 1946 to 1990. Poor working conditions led to a high level of exposure to ionizing radiation and quartz dust. This analysis evaluates the histopathology of lung carcinoma in uranium miners in relation to radon exposure and silicosis. METHODS A database developed for autopsy(More)
LC/MS is a successful analysis technique for the statistical analysis used in several branches of biology. It requires an intense screening and combination of the raw data, which is usually done with programs and libraries invoked by scripts in the domain-specific statistics language S or R. We show here how to model and implement this complex workflow in a(More)
Riociguat is a soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator approved for the treatment of inoperable and persistent/recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). In the 16-week CHEST-1 study, riociguat showed a favourable benefit-risk profile and improved several clinically relevant end-points in patients with CTEPH. The CHEST-2 open-label(More)
Tobacco smoke and occupational exposures to chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are, aside from alcohol, the major risk factors for development of head and neck squamous-cell cancer (HNSCC). In this study, new statistical methods were applied. We employ new statistical methods to detect genetic interactions perhaps of higher order,(More)