Arno A J van der Ark

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Rabies virus strain production in Vero cells grown on Cytodex 1 in a 2 L stirred tank bioreactor and in a medium free of components of human or animal origin (VP-SFM) is described. Cell banking procedure in VP-SFM supplemented with an animal components free mixture (10%DMSO+0.1%methylcellulose) was reported and cell growth after revitalization was assessed.(More)
An experimental serogroup B meningococcal vaccine was prepared from two genetically engineered strains; each expressing three different class 1 outer membrane proteins (OMPs) (PorA). The two strains expressed the subtypes P1.7,16;P1.5,2;P1.19,15 and P1.5c,10;P1.12,13;P1.7h,4, respectively. Outer membrane vesicles (OMV) were prepared from these strains by(More)
In an effort to devise a safer and effective pertussis acelullar vaccine, outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) were engineered to decrease their endotoxicity. The pagL gene from Bordetella bronchiseptica, which encodes a lipid A 3-deacylase, was expressed in Bordetella pertussis strain Tohama I. The resulting OMVs, designated OMVs(BpPagL), contain tetra- instead(More)
Pertussis has recently re-emerged in well-vaccinated populations most likely due to a combination of pathogen adaptation and waning of vaccine-induced pertussis immunity. Changes in genomic content of the etiologic agent, Bordetella pertussis, observed in the postvaccination era can have a bearing on the efficacy of vaccines currently in use. Moreover,(More)
Outer Membrane Vesicles (OMVs) are gaining attention as vaccine candidates. The successful expression of heterologous antigens in OMVs, with the OMV functioning both as adjuvant and delivery vehicle, has greatly enhanced their vaccine potential. Since there are indications that surface exposed antigens might induce a superior immune response, targeting of(More)
Fever has been reported as the most common adverse event after vaccination in infants and children. For this reason it is important that, prior to clinical testing of a new vaccine, change in body temperature following vaccination is tested carefully in nonclinical animal studies. Since both the timing and the height of the temperature peak after(More)
The Pertussis Serological Potency Test (PSPT)--based on in vitro assessment of the humoral immune response against Bordetella pertussis--was developed as an alternative for the Mouse Protection Test (MPT). A small-scale collaborative study was carried out in five laboratories to evaluate the relevance and reliability of the PSPT. The study has been divided(More)
Despite high vaccination coverage rates, pertussis continues to be a global concern, with increased incidence widely noted. The current pertussis epidemiologic situation has been mainly attributed to waning immunity and pathogen adaptation. To improve the disease control, a new generation of vaccines capable to overcome those weaknesses associated to the(More)
This paper describes the results of a study of the effects of modified housing conditions, conditioning and habituation on humans using a rabbit model for monitoring whole-cell pertussis vaccine (pWCV)-induced adverse effects. The study has been performed with reference to previous vaccine safety studies of pWCV in rabbits in which results were difficult to(More)
The current potency test for pertussis vaccines, the mouse protection test (MPT), has many disadvantages. However, no alternative is yet available. The purpose of this study is to develop a serological alternative for the MPT based on in vitro assessment of the humoral immune response against pertussis in mice. After immunization with pertussis whole cell(More)