Arno A J van der Ark

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Pertussis has recently re-emerged in well-vaccinated populations most likely due to a combination of pathogen adaptation and waning of vaccine-induced pertussis immunity. Changes in genomic content of the etiologic agent, Bordetella pertussis, observed in the postvaccination era can have a bearing on the efficacy of vaccines currently in use. Moreover,(More)
An experimental serogroup B meningococcal vaccine was prepared from two genetically engineered strains; each expressing three different class 1 outer membrane proteins (OMPs) (PorA). The two strains expressed the subtypes P1.7,16;P1.5,2;P1.19,15 and P1.5c,10;P1.12,13;P1.7h,4, respectively. Outer membrane vesicles (OMV) were prepared from these strains by(More)
In an effort to devise a safer and effective pertussis acelullar vaccine, outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) were engineered to decrease their endotoxicity. The pagL gene from Bordetella bronchiseptica, which encodes a lipid A 3-deacylase, was expressed in Bordetella pertussis strain Tohama I. The resulting OMVs, designated OMVs(BpPagL), contain tetra- instead(More)
Rabies virus strain production in Vero cells grown on Cytodex 1 in a 2 L stirred tank bioreactor and in a medium free of components of human or animal origin (VP-SFM) is described. Cell banking procedure in VP-SFM supplemented with an animal components free mixture (10%DMSO+0.1%methylcellulose) was reported and cell growth after revitalization was assessed.(More)
Vero cells growth and rabies production in IPT-AF medium, a property animal-component-free medium are described in this work. Kinetics of cell growth and rabies virus (strain LP 2061) production were first conducted in spinner flasks. Over eight independent experiments, Vero cell growth in IPT-AF medium, on 2 g/l Cytodex 1 was consistent. An average Cd(More)
This work describes the development of an animal-component free medium (IPT-AFM) that allows an optimal growth of Vero cells, an adherent cell line used for the production of viral vaccines. Statistical experimental design was applied to identify crucial nutrients that affect cell growth. Using Medium 199 or MEM as a basal medium, a serum-free medium (SFM)(More)
Outer Membrane Vesicles (OMVs) are gaining attention as vaccine candidates. The successful expression of heterologous antigens in OMVs, with the OMV functioning both as adjuvant and delivery vehicle, has greatly enhanced their vaccine potential. Since there are indications that surface exposed antigens might induce a superior immune response, targeting of(More)
Although Europe, Canada and the US have switched from cellular to acellular pertussis vaccines, most developing countries will continue to use the more cost effective cellular vaccine. Consistency of production however is the typical problem inherent to cellular vaccines. Optimising the production process of cellular pertussis bulk suspensions using product(More)
Despite high vaccination coverage rates, pertussis continues to be a global concern, with increased incidence widely noted. The current pertussis epidemiologic situation has been mainly attributed to waning immunity and pathogen adaptation. To improve the disease control, a new generation of vaccines capable to overcome those weaknesses associated to the(More)
Fever has been reported as the most common adverse event after vaccination in infants and children. For this reason it is important that, prior to clinical testing of a new vaccine, change in body temperature following vaccination is tested carefully in nonclinical animal studies. Since both the timing and the height of the temperature peak after(More)