Arnošt Kostečka

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Hyperproliferating cancer cells produce energy mainly from aerobic glycolysis, which results in elevated ROS levels. Thus aggressive tumors often possess enhanced anti-oxidant capacity that impedes many current anti-cancer therapies. Additionally, in ROS-compromised cancer cells ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is often deregulated for timely removal of(More)
We examined 79 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients for DNA methylation of 12 tumor suppressor genes (TSG) and 24 homeobox domain (Hox) genes, and additionally for mutations in DNMT3A gene. We observed lower levels of DNA methylation (P<0.0001) as well as smaller numbers of concurrently hypermethylated genes (P<0.0001) in patients with DNMT3A mutations.(More)
The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)alpha is a myeloid-specific transcription factor which is required for normal myeloid differentiation. C/EBPalpha is encoded by an intronless gene that is 2783 bp long and maps to human chromosome 19q13.1. C/EBPalpha is a member of the basic region leucine zipper (bZIP) class of DNA-binding(More)
BACKGROUND Studying DNA methylation changes in the context of structural rearrangements and point mutations as well as gene expression changes enables the identification of genes that are important for disease onset and progression in different subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. The aim of this study was to identify differentially methylated(More)
Downregulation of cereblon (CRBN) gene expression is associated with resistance to the immunomodulatory drug lenalidomide and poor survival outcomes in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. However, the importance of CRBN gene expression in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and its impact on lenalidomide therapy are not clear. In this study, we(More)
Friend leukemia virus integration 1 (Fli1) and erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) participate under experimental conditions in the differentiation of megakaryocytic and erythroid progenitor in cooperation with other transcription factors, cytokines, cytokine receptors, and microRNAs. Defective erythropoiesis with refractory anemia and effective(More)
Unusual MLL gene rearrangements were found in bone marrow cells of four patients with acute myeloid leukemia. A combination of conventional and molecular cytogenetic methods were used to describe translocations t(9;12;11)(p22;p13;q23), t(11;19)(q23;p13.3), and t(10;11)(p12;23) and inverted insertion ins(10;11)(p12;q23.3q23.1). Partial nontandem duplication(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha, encoded by the intronless CEBPA gene, is a transcription factor that induces expression of genes involved in differentiation of granulocytes, monocytes, adipocytes and hepatocytes. Both mono- and bi-allelic CEBPA mutations were detected in acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. In this study we also(More)
C/EBPalpha (CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha) belongs to the family of leucine zipper transcription factors and is necessary for transcriptional control of granulocyte, adipocyte and hepatocyte differentiation, glucose metabolism and lung development. C/EBPalpha is encoded by an intronless gene. CEBPA mutations cause a myeloid differentiation block and(More)