Arnis Kuksis

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1. To investigate differences between the metabolic effects of light and heavy exercise, five healthy males (mean maximal oxygen intake 3.92 litres/min) exercised for 40 min at 36% maximum power (light work) and 70% maximum power (heavy work) on separate days, after an overnight fast. 2. A steady state was achieved in both studies between 20 and 40 min in:(More)
The glycoinositol phospholipid membrane anchor of human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (EC contains a novel inositol phospholipid which in this and the accompanying paper (Roberts, W.L., Santikarn, S., Reinhold, V.N., and Rosenberry, T.L. (1988) J. Biol. Chem 263, 18776-18784) is shown to be a plasmanylinositol that is palmitoylated on the(More)
The fatty acid specificity of the bile salt-activated lipase purified from human milk was studied using C12 to C54 (total acyl carbon) saturated and the C54 unsaturated triacylglycerols. Kinetic studies indicated that the short chain triacylglycerols were hydrolyzed more readily than the long chain triacylglycerols, and that the long chain unsaturated(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL) is rich in polyunsaturated phospholipids that are sensitive to oxidation. However, the effect of apolipoprotein A-I and paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) on phosphatidylcholine oxidation products has not been identified. We subjected native HDL, trypsinized HDL, and HDL lipid suspensions to oxidation by the peroxynitrite donor,(More)
Glycation of both protein and lipid components is believed to be involved in LDL oxidation. However, the relative importance of lipid and protein glycation in the oxidation process has not been established, and products of lipid glycation have not been isolated. Using glucosylated phosphatidylethanolamine (Glc PtdEtn) prepared synthetically, we have(More)
Lipid extracts of natural sources contain a large number of lipid classes and molecular species. Completely reproducible samples are obtained only with great care and skill. Analytical methods other than chromatography and/or mass spectrometry are of little use for resolution and identification of lipid molecules even in simple mixtures. The analytical(More)
Plasma lipid profiles were determined in two inbred strains of mice, C57BR/cdJ and CBA/J, fed either a normal chow or an atherogenic diet for a 15-week period, starting at 10 weeks of age. On the chow diet, the C57BR/cdJ had significantly higher mean free cholesterol, esterified cholesterol, and total lipid values, and a significantly lower mean(More)
In order to distinguish between possible fatty acid differences during lumenal lipolysis and cellular absorption, we have reinvestigated the in vitro hydrolysis of menhaden oil and its alkyl esters by pancreatic lipase. For this purpose we incubated menhaden oil or its fatty acid methyl and ethyl esters with porcine pancreatic lipase in the presence of bile(More)