Arnheid Kessel-Schaefer

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to validate a novel real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic (RT3DE) analysis tool for the determination of right ventricular volumes and function in unselected adult patients. METHODS A total of 100 consecutive adult patients with normal or pathologic right ventricles were enrolled in the study. A dynamic(More)
INTRODUCTION The advent of electroanatomical mapping (EAM) systems for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has dramatically decreased radiation exposure. However, the need for some fluoroscopy remains for obtaining left atrial (LA) access. The aim was to test the feasibility of fluoroscopy-free PVI in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a patent foramen(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is an established cause of stroke in young patients without other determined etiologies (ie, cryptogenic stroke). The additional presence of atrial septum aneurysm (ASA) possibly increases stroke risk, but it remains undetermined which factors best predict thromboembolism in patients with PFO.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Spontaneous cervical arterial dissection and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are important causes of stroke in younger patients. We tested whether characteristics of cerebral ischaemia visible on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) aid in differentiating between these two aetiologies. METHODS Diffusion-weighted imaging was performed after a(More)
OBJECTIVE Since the first transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in 2002, TAVI technique has gained an increasing popularity especially in high-risk patients. In this study, we present the first echocardiographic midterm outcome with the second-generation transapical JenaValve TAVI system (JenaValve Technology GmbH, Munich, Germany) in patients with(More)
A36-year-old woman with a 3-week history of shortness of breath was admitted to the hospital after having suffered syncope. She also complained of left-sided leg pain. Duplex ultrasound revealed a right-sided proximal deep venous thrombosis and an occluded left popliteal artery. Echocardiography demonstrated a dilated right ventricle and tricuspid(More)
Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) is superior to two-dimensional echocardiography in assessing left atrial (LA) parameters, but to date algorithms developed for the left ventricle were applied due to a lack of dedicated LA software. In addition, no data are available on RT3DE assessment of active atrial contraction. The aim of this study(More)
INTRODUCTION Left atrial (LA) enlargement is an important risk factor for incident stroke and a key determinant for the success of rhythm control strategies in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, factors associated with LA volume in AF patients remain poorly understood. METHODS Patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF were enrolled in this(More)
Sinus venosus atrial septal defect (SVD) is a rare cardiac abnormality in adults. Particularly, the inferior type is difficult to depict by transthoracic echocardiography because of its infero-posterior location to the fossa ovalis. We describe the case of a 33-year-old woman whose chest X-ray taken during bronchopneumonia revealed a cardiomegaly. Further(More)
The response of pulmonary artery pressure to high altitude has not been studied in children. It is also not known whether the individual response is hereditary. Therefore, the response of pulmonary artery pressure to high altitude was measured in pre-pubertal children in comparison to that in their biological fathers. Echocardiography was performed at 450 m(More)