Learn More
Peptides bound or linked to heat-shock proteins (HSPs) of microbial or mammalian origin have been shown to elicit potent antigen-specific immunity. Some members of the HSP family, such as hsp60, hsp70, hsp90 and gp96, are able also to stimulate cells of the innate immune system directly and thus, act as 'danger'-signaling molecules. This effect is(More)
Stress-induced proteins or heat shock proteins (HSP) of 96 kDa mass (gp96) and 70 kDa mass (HSP70) have been shown previously to elicit specific immunity to tumors from which they are isolated. This immunity is dependent on CD8+ cytotoxic T cells which are readily primed in vivo by immunization with HSP. The immunization capacity of HSP relies on their(More)
A mixture of different fumaric acid esters (FAE) is established for systemic therapy of psoriasis, a frequent inflammatory skin disease. The main active compound of FAE, however, has not been identified so far, and the mechanisms of activity are only partially understood. We analyzed the impact of FAE on in vitro immune function and aimed to gain knowledge(More)
CD26 is a proteolytic enzyme (dipeptidyl-peptidase IV) with a wide tissue distribution and a unique specificity that was already described 27 years ago. CD26 is expressed on a fraction of resting T cells at low density but is strongly upregulated following T-cell activation. Recent results indicate that CD26 is a multifunctional molecule that may have(More)
The heat shock proteins (HSP) gp96, Hsp70 and Hsp60 activate professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) to secrete proinflammatory cytokines and to express costimulatory molecules. Here, we analyze the impact of Hsp60 as a hypothetical danger signal on the antigen-specific activation of T cells derived from DO11.10 TCR-transgenic mice. The release of(More)
Few studies have addressed the consequences of physical interactions between NK and T cells, as well as physical interactions among NK cells themselves. We show in this study that NK cells can enhance T cell activation and proliferation in response to CD3 cross-linking and specific Ag through interactions between 2B4 (CD244) on NK cells and CD48 on T cells.(More)
CD26 or dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) is a cell surface protease involved in T-cell activation. Triggering or costimulation of T-cells via CD26 was shown to be dependent on the expression of the T-cell receptor (TCR) associated zeta-chain with at least one functional immune receptor tyrosine based activation motif (ITAM). Here we tested T-cell lines(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSP) like Hsp70 and gp96 are potent molecules to induce MHC class I-restricted cytotoxic T cells against antigens present in the cells from which the HSP were isolated. Fusion proteins consisting of mycobacterial Hsp70 covalently linked to antigenic peptide sequences are also capable of generating CTL specific for the peptide-encoded(More)
Adhesive interactions of leukocytes and endothelial cells initiate leukocyte migration to inflamed tissue and are important for immune surveillance. Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases show a dysregulated immune response and result in a massive efflux of leukocytes that contributes to further tissue damage. Therefore, targeting leukocyte trafficking may(More)
Human CD83 is a cell surface protein expressed predominantly by dendritic cells (DC) and lymphoid cells. So far, there exists no information on the function and distribution of mCD83. Here we demonstrate that mCD83 is moderately expressed on resting T cells and DC, but strongly increases in its expression on T cells following activation with antigenic(More)