Arne van der Gen

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The substrate specificity of purified rat liver glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) for a series of gamma-glutamyl-modified GSH analogues was investigated. GST isoenzyme 3-3 catalysed the conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene with six out of the nine analogues. alpha-L-Glu-L-Cys-Gly and alpha-D-Glu-L-Cys-Gly showed catalytic efficiencies of 40% and 130%(More)
After administration of acrylonitrile, crotononitrile and cinnamonitrile to rats, two types of mercapturic acids were isolated from urine and identified by mass and NMR spectroscopy as N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)-L-cysteine (I) and N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine (II) (methyl-substituted in the case of crotonitrile and phenyl-substituted in the case of(More)
Analogues of GSH in which either the gamma-glutamyl or the glycyl moiety is modified were synthesized and tested as both substrates for and inhibitors of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) 7-7 and 8-8. Acceptor substrates for GST 7-7 were 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and ethacrynic acid (ETA) and for GST 8-8 CDNB, ETA and 4-hydroxynon-trans-2-enal(More)
The GSH-binding site of glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes was studied by investigating their substrate-specificity for three series of GSH analogues; further, a model of the interactions of GSH with the G-site is proposed. Twelve glycyl-modified GSH analogues, four ester derivatives of GSH and three cysteinyl-modified GSH analogues were synthesized(More)
A series of possible transition state analogues of the glucuronidation reaction catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase were tested for their inhibitory effect on glucuronidation of various substrates in a rat liver microsomal fraction. In general 4-nitrophenol glucuronidation was more effectively inhibited than that of 1-naphthol, bilirubin or(More)
The mutagenic activities of several structurally related dibromo compounds were compared in Salmonella strains sensitive to base substitution mutagenesis (TA1535 and/or TA100) and in the glutathione (GSH)-deficient derivative TA100/NG-57, using a preincubation procedure. The compounds tested were 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE), 1,2-dibromopropane (DBP),(More)
1,2-Dibromopropane was administered orally in doses of 50-350 mg/kg to male Wistar rats. Four mercapturic acids were identified in urine by GC/MS, viz. N-acetyl-S-(2-oxopropyl)-L-cysteine (I), N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxypropyl)-L-cysteine (II), N-acetyl-S-(1-carboxyethyl)-L-cysteine (III), and N-acetyl-S-(2-bromo-2-propenyl)-L-cysteine (IV). Mercapturic acid IV(More)