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The definitions restate or update those presented in previous International Continence Society Standardisation of Terminology reports (see references) and those shortly to be published on Urethral Function (Lose et al., in press) and Nocturia (van Kerrebroeck et al., 2002.). The published ICS report on the technical aspects of urodynamic equipment (Rowen et(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to study urinary incontinence (UI) and nocturia in a female population; prevalence, effect on well-being, wish for treatment and result of treatment in primary health care. METHODS A postal questionnaire was sent to all women aged 20-59 years who were scheduled for gynecological health examination by midwives in a primary health(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence and genital prolapse are prevalent conditions in the female population. The aim of this study was to study possible determinants of female urinary incontinence in a population-based sample of young and middle-aged women. METHODS Of 641 eligible women aged 20-59 years in a primary health care district, 487 (76%) responded to(More)
A 48-hour frequency/volume chart was completed by 151 women without micturition complaints. The distribution of the parameters of the chart are presented. The chart was found to be a valuable and reliable instrument for assessment of micturition patterns. The mean voided volume, which takes into account both frequency of micturition and total voided volume,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have indicated that the risk of thromboembolic disease (VTE) in users of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCs) varies not only with estrogen dose, but also with the progestogen in pills with the same estrogen dose. The aim of this article is to discuss sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) as a marker of estrogenicity and as a(More)
Elevated baseline levels of acute-phase proteins such as C-reactive protein (CRP) or cytokines like interleukin-6 (IL-6) are known risk factors for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. However, until today, there is only controversial information about the contribution of genetic and environmental factors. Therefore, we performed an open(More)
A pad-weighing test for the quantitation of urinary loss, performed by the patient during 48 hours of daily activities, was evaluated. All patients (n = 46, age 21-73 years) were able to perform the test. The precision of their weighing was good and the reproducibility of the results equal or better than that of previously published tests. There was no(More)
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels were studied for possible effects of oestradiol-17 beta on SHBG. No change in SHBG plasma was recorded during normal menstrual cycles or during treatment with oestradiol-17 beta to menopausal women. However, gonadotrophin treatment to amenorrhoeic women to induce ovulation resulted in high oestradiol concentrations(More)
BACKGROUND Presently available urodynamic methods are of little use for assessing the severity of urinary stress incontinence or for evaluating of treatment, Cough-induced leak-point pressure may prove to be a more useful urodynamic method in these respects. A vaginal anti-incontinence device was used to validate this new urodynamic method. AIM The(More)
Plasma levels of two oral contraceptive gestagens were studied during 24 hour oral challenges in seven morbidly obese women after jejunoileal bypass comparing the results to unoperated normal controls. To study binding and transport of the gestagens, sex hormone binding globulin levels were determined in these patients, in normal-weight controls, and in(More)