Arne Tjølsen

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The formalin test for nociception, which is predominantly used with rats and mice, involves moderate, continuous pain generated by injured tissue. In this way it differs from most traditional tests of nociception which rely upon brief stimuli of threshold intensity. In this article we describe the main features of the formalin test, including the(More)
The method commonly used for catheterization of the lumbar subarachnoid space in the rat implies inserting the catheter through the atlanto-occipital (A-O) membrane and moving the catheter caudally along the spinal cord. The method is associated with a considerable morbidity. A method for direct catheterization of the lumbar subarachnoid space was therefore(More)
It is conceivable that plasticity in pain control systems and chronic pain may be due to mechanisms similar to learning. Long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus is often studied as a model of learning and memory. It has recently been shown that long-term excitation may be induced in single wide dynamic range (WDR) neurones in the spinal dorsal horn(More)
Previous studies have shown that long-term potentiation (LTP) in the dorsal horn may be induced by noxious stimuli. In this study it is investigated whether induction of LTP in the dorsal horn may be affected by the descending pathways. Extracellular recordings of wide dynamic range (WDR) neurones in the lumbar dorsal horn in intact urethane-anaesthetized(More)
Long term facilitation (LTF) of C-fiber-evoked firing of wide dynamic range neurons in the spinal dorsal horn in response to conditioning stimulation (CS) of afferent fibers is a widely studied cellular model of spinal nociceptive sensitization. Although 100 Hz CS of primary afferent fibers is commonly used to induce spinal cord LTF, this frequency exceeds(More)
Plasticity in the central nervous system may play an important role in clinical pain. The present study shows that long-term potentiation (LTP) may be induced in single wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons in the dorsal horn after high-frequency stimulation of the sciatic nerve in intact urethane anaesthetized rats. Extracellular recordings of firing responses(More)
LTP is often studied as a model of synaptic plasticity. Plasticity in pain control systems may involve mechanisms similar to those involved in learning. We recently reported LTP of both the A beta and C-fibre evoked responses of single dorsal horn neurons after a tetanic stimulation of the sciatic nerve, lasting for at least 6 h. In the present paper we(More)
Extracellular recordings of wide dynamic range neurones in the dorsal horn driven by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve were performed in intact urethane-anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. The electrically evoked neuronal responses were defined as A- and C-fibres responses according to latencies, and the effect of a deep nociceptive conditioning(More)
The influence on pain processing caused by destruction or stimulation of the dorsal reticular nucleus (DRt) was studied using the tail-flick and the increasing temperature hot-plate tests. Lesions of the DRt were obtained by injecting quinolinic acid (180 nmol/microliters) unilaterally or bilaterally, and nociceptive responses were evaluated by both tests.(More)
The effect of different formalin concentrations on the nociceptive response in the formalin test was examined in mice. Subcutaneous formalin injection induces 2 distinct periods of high licking activity: an early phase lasting the first 5 min, and a late phase lasting 20-30 min after the injection. Formalin concentrations of 0.02-0.2% induced only the early(More)