Arne R Nergårdh

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PURPOSE In a double-blind crossover study with lamotrigine (LTG), we investigated a possible relationship between the clinical responses and changes of the amount of epileptiform activity in EEG. METHODS Twelve patients, aged 4-21 years, with generalized drug-resistant epilepsy who had responded to LTG, completed the study. Twenty-four-hour video-EEGs(More)
The progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PME) are a heterogeneous group of rare genetic disorders. Unverricht-Lundborg disease and Lafora's disease are two major classic forms of PME. We recently assigned the gene for Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1) to human chromosome 21 band q22.3. We have now refined the localization of EPM1 by linkage analysis between(More)
Fourteen ambulatory children and adolescents with intractable epilepsy were studied in an open phase II study to investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of flunarizine as an add-on treatment. Flunarizine was given in increasing doses starting with 0.1-0.3 mg/kg/day until effect was observed or a steady-state plasma concentration of 50-60 ng/ml(More)
The pharmacokinetics of total and free valproic acid (VPA) in plasma and whole blood was investigated in seven adolescents and young adults (mean age 17.3 years) during a dosage interval at steady state. The concentration curves of VPA in whole blood after an oral morning dose (mean 8.2 mg/kg body wt.) closely followed those in plasma but at a reduced(More)
The acute effects of low-dose clonazepam on seizure frequency in children with epilepsy was evaluated. In an open study, 19 children with epilepsy (15 generalized and four partial) were examined during hospitalization with recordings of seizures by trained personnel. Seizures were counted during two 24-hour periods: before and after a single intramuscular(More)
The pharmacokinetics of free and total valproic acid (VPA) in plasma and whole blood after oral administration during steady state was investigated in seven infants (mean age 10.7 months) receiving monotherapy. The VPA concentrations in whole blood closely followed those in plasma but at a reduced level. A positive correlation was found between dose and(More)
In an attempt to investigate whether benzodiazepines at low dosage have a significant effect in reducing spasticity among children with cerebral palsy, we carried out a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. Twelve children with either spastic diplegia or hemiplegia participated in this study. The mean age was 14 years. The restraint of passive(More)
A total of 20 children with various types of epilepsy were treated with valproate, 11 with monotherapy and 9 with valproate in combination with phenobarbitone, phenytoin, or carbamazepine. Valproate was given either every 8 or 12 h. At least two different dose levels were tried in each patient. The pharmacokinetics of valproate during the interval between(More)